Cryptocurrencies in Roulette Casinos

roulette casinos

Enjoy Casino Roulette Using Cryptocurrency

Cryptocurrencies have made the headlines when it comes to online payment
systems with various digital currencies. Crypto has taken the online gaming world by storm.

Today, many online gambling sites for roulette accept cryptocurrency as it’s fast and secure.

Cryptocurrencies in Roulette Casinos

Roulette is a popular table game in both brick and mortar and online casinos. If it piques your interest, the rules will be easy to master. You need to select a variation you prefer: the common ones are European, French, and American. The next step is to pick a number and color where you think the ball will land. If you guess right, you’ll win big. The more specific your prediction is, the higher the payout. Based on the payout table, the payment ratio starts at 1:1 to a maximum of about 35:1. Whether you lose or win, gambling should be a fun activity, so don’t be overwhelmed if things don’t go your way.

Today, playing roulette with cryptocurrency is popular in online gambling news and has become widely accepted. If digital currency is your preferred payment method, there are a number of reputable online casinos where you can use crypto and enjoy your favorite game. 

That said, while normal casinos usually have no deposit slots UK to attract new players, online gambling no deposit becomes a problem with roulette. That’s because you’re required to wager your bonus before it’s converted to actual cash. However, wagering does not count for roulette. In this article, we’ll take a look at what roulette and cryptocurrency are all about. Let’s begin.

Playing Crypto Roulette

If you’re wondering how to make money gambling online, playing crypto roulette is a great way to start. And if you aren’t familiar with cryptocurrency, but you’re interested, the first step (which is relatively easy) is to open a crypto account. This will allow you to withdraw and deposit your digital currency at any time, instantly.

Many casinos accept bitcoin, Ethereum, among other major cryptocurrencies. Once you purchase some crypto, you will need an e-wallet to hold your currency. For smaller amounts, you can get a free online wallet. The next step is to sign up at a crypto casino. One of the biggest advantages of using cryptocurrency when gambling online is that you’ll not be required to divulge personal information. 

As soon as you press the ‘deposit’ button, you’ll get a receiver ID. All you need to do is paste it into your wallet, hit send, and that’s it. The amount will be transferred immediately, and you can dive into your favorite game whenever you’re ready.

crypto casino

Which Variation of Roulette Is the Best?

The versions of roulette can be broken down into the following:

    • European Roulette – This is the most popular version, which is highly preferred by mass players and high rollers because the wheel only has one zero. For that reason, the house edge is significantly lowered, making this variation widely preferred in online casinos. If you’re a newbie, it’s best to select the European wheel if you have a choice. According to online gambling statistics, a single zero makes a considerable difference of about 2.5% per spin.
    • French Roulette – It has a lot of similarities with the European variation. The main difference is the La Partage rule: if you place an even bet and the ball lands on zero, you’re given back half of your stake. This option is a top pick for players looking to make side bets as part of their game. 
    • American Roulette – Unfortunately, this isn’t the most friendly variation as it has two zeros, thereby raising the house edge. But that doesn’t make it an unpopular option in online cryptocurrency casinos. 

All major gambling institutions offer the three versions. Although the game might appear identical when it comes to the animations and graphics, you’ll notice the differences once you start.

Live Dealer Cryptocurrency Roulette 

If you’re looking for a more authentic experience, this gambling option offers just that. More and more crypto casinos provide their clients with live dealer roulette. It features a host, real wheel, and is presented in real-time. You can chat with the dealer and other players via a text box and place your bet using a mouse. 

The outcome doesn’t depend on a random number generator. The action is streamed live, and you get to see the wheel spinning, pocket, and finally, where the ball lands.

Advantages of Depositing Using Cryptocurrency

If you opt to deposit via digital currency, you save a considerable amount in banking fees. Other benefits are:

    • Fast Transactions

Digital money is an accepted mode of payment in many online casinos. Unlike bank transfers, crypto transactions are instant. The only delay takes a few minutes while the payment is being confirmed in the system. You won’t have to wait for your cash to get to your e-wallet. And if you prefer online gambling for real money, you can easily convert the coins by simply going to an exchange bureau.

    • Anonymity in Online Gambling

If you love your privacy while playing online casino games, cryptocurrency accounts are anonymous. In addition, there’s no intermediary between your wallet and gambling institution. Therefore, the payment cannot be blocked while it’s being processed. This is especially important when playing in jurisdictions where online gambling is prohibited.


Some players may question the fairness and reliability of cryptocurrency roulette casinos. That’s why it’s crucial to ensure your online gambling sites of choice are reputable and verified by an independent testing body. That way, you’re assured of enjoying your game at the best online gambling institutions. Whether you prefer live or table mode, roulette is undoubtedly an entertaining game that has the potential to help you make money with online casinos roulette in the process. Presently, there are a good number of casinos accepting digital currency. This mode of payment comes with a number of advantages, such as low transfer charges. Moreover, it’s safe. Please feel free to share your experience with us! Do you gamble with crypto?


Author’s bio:

Thomas Glare is a real online casino enthusiast with experience in the field for over ten years. His gambling related articles are researched in-depth and always offer readers the latest news on virtual gaming developments. He knows all the societal and cultural factors that make today’s games so attractive. 

5 Tips for Successful Betting

successful sports betting

Becoming a successful sports bettor is not an overnight endeavor, that is for sure. Beginner’s luck may smile upon you, but to make it a sustainable source of income, you must understand how to win at sports betting on the regular. Ups and downs are the names of the game. Nevertheless, online sports betting is a great way to raise the stakes of any deal and get your blood pumping. If you are just starting, Mr Bet casino bonus is a great way to get rolling. Pros know that there are many things to look out for to increase your chances of success when it comes to placing the right bets. Let us look at five sports betting tips that will get you to make money in the long run!

Keep Accounts With Numerous Bookmakers

Some of the most important tips for becoming a successful bettor have nothing to do with match-oriented information. Instead, they are strategic moves that will offer you thought-out leeway in your decision-making. One of them is keeping tabs with many bookmakers on the market. If you want to be successful in sports betting, you must be ready to exploit the market. To do this efficiently, be aware of the opportunities. The competition between different bookmakers is stiff, to say the least. Thankfully, this leads to differing odds between various bookies. Why would you bet on a single bookmaker when you can have a few options? This full list of bookmakers will help you keep an eye on the best choices and match odds at any given time. 

Stay With One Sport and a Couple of Leagues

A tip that you will find in most excellent sports betting books – focus on one game. The options to bet online on the best sports betting apps are many, and they may be alluring to try. They are designed to suck you in, but it is crucial not to spread yourself too thin. You will get much more value in the long run if you gain expertise in one sport. Remember: what you ultimately want is to understand one niche enough to exploit the easy bets. Betting should be a though-out investment, not willy-nilly if you aim to make real money. 

placing bets
placing bets

Create an Account on a Betting Exchange

By making an account on a betting exchange, you will ensure to get the best odds because there will be no commission fee on your bets. Additionally, it will allow you to spend as much money on a particular wager as you please, and on every match. It is great to know that you have an easy deal on your hands. Bookmakers may limit your account and even close bets; they may not be as trustworthy as a betting exchange under varying circumstances.

Detach Emotions From Sports Betting

If you aim to be a professional sports bettor, there is not much room for emotions and sentiment. Leave these for novices. Surely, it is fun to stake on your favorite high-school team, but you have to let the numbers do the talking. Everyone wants their team to win, but you are to cultivate enough of a cold-blooded instinct to detach yourself from sentiment in your decisions. Keep your eyes on sports betting news outlets, digest the information, and strike when you have enough of it, coupled with stats in your favor.

celebrating victory
celebrating victory

Start With a Sensible Bankroll

If you want to keep making money in sports betting, you need to start with a bankroll that will be able to handle some losses. If you think of betting in units, the average being one unit per bet, a minimum of 50 units is a good way to start. A bankroll of 1000 dollars would make an average unit of 20 dollars. Avoid the need to be a high roller, and keep a wise staking plan envisioned. A 1000-dollar bankroll can turn into a fairly substantial amount quickly enough if you play smart. To help with the numbers, you can use online sports betting calculators that can make your life easier. 

Becoming a successful sports bettor will require smart stakes, strategic thinking, and plenty of research. Many people are making great money in sports betting, and there is no reason why you should not be one of them. If you have the dedication, the sky is the limit. Should you have any tips or insights, please share them in the comments below. We would love to hear your opinions!


Author’s Bio

Chris Delgado is a Junior Copywriter with high ambitions and an undivided passion for gambling. He is currently studying to get his degree, and his future prospects revolve around crypto trading and financial writing. In his spare time, he is a dedicated volunteer at a local homeless cafeteria.

Cryptocurrency deposits as an option for online slots

When slot machines – or perhaps one-armed bandits as they had been affectionately known when they first came into being (due to having to pull a handle to make the reels spin) – were first produced in 1985 by Charles Fey. He created the Liberty Bell and, thanks to his savvy business sense in choosing to take a percentage of the takings rather than selling the machine completely, he made a lot of money from his fairly simple idea. 

Slots are equally as popular today as they have previously been, as they are used as an excellent way to loosen up, as a pastime, as something to enjoy, and maybe even as a means to generate cash (although this is a rare thing and should not be counted on!).

Nevertheless, even though slots at top10slotgames are maybe more well known today than they were 100 years ago, modifications are continually being developed making them a lot better. Online casinos and slot developers owners don’t want people to get bored, so they are constantly innovating. That makes the games even more exciting. One of these new ideas is to use cryptocurrencies in slots. How would that work? 

What Are Cryptocurrencies?

Finding out what cryptocurrencies are is either a simple task or a complicated one depending on just how much you want to know. Having just a little knowledge, however, will be helpful, so that’s where we’ll start. 

You will find many cryptocurrency types, although the most popular of these is bitcoin; most people will have heard of this in the news because it has made some people extremely rich, literally overnight. They’re not called ‘bitcoin billionaires’ for nothing! 

Regardless of which cryptocurrency you look at, it is going to be a purely digital currency, so there aren’t any coins and notes. Using complex codes which are called blockchains, the cash could be relocated from different places and consequently used to purchase services and products. Although the codes are complicated, it just requires a click of a mouse to use them – the codes are automated which means you don’t need to know anything more, and you don’t need to know how it is all done (although you can certainly learn this if you like). 

Why Use Cryptocurrencies For Slot Deposits?

Since cryptocurrencies aren’t linked with any government and are thus not associated with any exchange rate a lot of individuals like the thought of using them. The issue is they are not a useful way to buy things at the moment; you cannot go into the grocery store and get your week’s shopping using bitcoin, for instance. Although, having said that, it might just be that this is exactly how it all happens in a few years’ time. 

Today, however, you are able to make use of bitcoin to purchase several plays at online casino games including slots. So it really can be an alternative to cash, and if you have a lot of bitcoin and wish to enjoy some gaming time, you only have to find a casino (one of the few, it has to be said) that accepts this currency. 

Cryptocurrencies are fantastic for paying for slots with since they’re easy, anonymous, and secure to operate with reduced fees; it won’t be long before they’re an option on every single web gambling site.

What To look for when playing at Australian Online Casinos

Australian Online Casinos You Can Play At

We’ve seen online gambling legislation go from bad to worse over the years. To a certain extent, we do understand where governments come from. Their first and foremost responsibility is to protect their citizens from the effects of online gambling. As the old saying goes; too much of a good thing can be bad. Right? Well, to a degree yes, but not always. See the thing is people like to gamble with their money. As a matter of fact, it’s in our DNA to take risks. This is why we like to play pokies for real money at Australian online casinos.

Online Casino That Accepts Australians

We know that Australia has one of the most vibrant online gambling markets in the world. Since we’re from the land of Down Under. We often find it difficult to find a reputable site to play our favourite pokies. Especially now that the Aussie government enforces its Interactive Gambling Enforcement Act of 2001 to the letter. So, the question is where does it leave us, the Aussie gambler? We did a bit of digging, and we note that the Australian government does not outlaw gambling online, per se. The gist of the matter is, and as Aussie we can play any pokie or casino game at an online casino. As long as the online casino is not on Australian soil.

Why Aussie Casinos?

Okay, we’re fully aware that we only have the offshore option available to us now. In other words, online casinos with a license in regions such as Alderney, Costa Rica, and Panama. Since the Australian government no longer issue a license to home-grown online casinos. The question is are they safe? For the most part, yes.

Best Online Casino For Australia

Like all good things in this life, you get the good just like you get the bad. It’s important to do your due diligence first before you sign up at any online casino that accepts Australians. In our experience, the best casinos that welcome Aussies operate out of Alderney and Costa Rica. A striking feature is that some of them are older than 20 years old! Therefore, logic says that they are reputable and safe. We’re referring to sites such as MYB Casino and Sloto Cash.

Robust Library of Games

When we compare the Aussie casinos to their European counterparts, they’re not as sharp. More importantly, they still cover all the casino games. By this, we mean, pokies, table games, progressive pokies, and specialty types. If you want to play highly-interactive table games online, we recommend their live casinos.

They stream live dealer games such as blackjack, or live roulette to your PC in real-time. Why are live casino games so special? First, games like live blackjack have a host, and you can talk to the dealer. The live casino is the closest Aussie players will get to a real casino setting. It’s almost like a brick-and-mortar casino less the drinks, buxom waitresses, and over-intoxicated players.


We like to keep it simple when it comes to the online casino games we play. Hence the reason why we like slots, or pokies as well call it here. Pokies are easy to play and you don’t need a large bankroll to play them. You can play any pokie with real money. You get pokies with fantasy, animal, cartoonlike, Wild West, sports, adventure, and Asian themes. Each pokie has its own volatility, jackpot and bonus rounds.

Then again, you don’t need a big bankroll to play craps, or blackjack for that matter. You can also win a lot of money with a small bankroll when you play pokies. However, this depends on whether it is a high variance pokie. Pokies where the volatility is sharp offer jackpots of up to 50,000x your stake. The only software houses that still service the Australasian online casino market are Betsoft, RealTime Gaming, Rival, and Saucify.

What’s more, the online casino gives Australian players a bonus on their first deposit! The size of the welcome bonus varies from 100% up to 500%. The latter bonus is usually an exclusive bonus. Online casinos only offer to players who sign up through a certain site. Before you can claim your bonus to play a pokie. You must register an account at the casino. Deposit the minimum qualifying amount for the bonus. Lastly, provide its code.

5 Tips to Make Profits from Soccer Betting

5 Tips to Make Profits from Soccer Betting

When betting on football, it is important to make accurate predictz football predictions. You may be an experienced or beginner bettor, but it is important to always follow certain rules to succeed. Doing simple things right can help you in the long way as a soccer bettor. The following guide should help you get things right like expert tipsters every time you place a bet.

i. Gather All the Information

As a soccer punter, this should be the first rule that you should follow. Football is the most popular sport in the world. This further means that all the statistics related to each and every match, at division, league, and higher levels are available easily. It is not just the winning and losing data related to matches. You should also learn about the rules of the leagues or tournaments that you want to bet on.

ii. Maintain a Record

Experienced and verified tipsters are different from other bettors in so many ways. One such way is that they maintain the records of their betting wins and losses. The fact is that very few bettors, including experienced ones, maintain a record of their betting.

  • When you keep a record, you can track your winnings and losses
  • You can identify the betting markets that drive more profits or success for you
  • Make sure to maintain a spreadsheet showing your track with different bookies
  • The data can also help you find the best odds for betting

Experienced tipsters have gone through lots of wins and losses. It is by tracking their performance that they have been able to improve their success rates and achieve success in the long-term.

iii. Learn the Concept of Value

You should learn not just what value means in football betting, but also how to find it. Once you can identify value in bets, it will become easier to make winning predictz football predictions on a more consistent basis.

A value bet is a type of bet where the chances of a likely result are much higher than what the bookies’ odds are showing. So if the bookies odds are supporting the stronger team A winning the match, and you find that the underdog team B has a greater motivation to win, you may have just found a value bet.

iv. Don’t Always Follow the Crowd

It is easy to bet on something that is obvious. If team A is much higher on the table, almost everyone is going to bet on it winning. However, this translates into lower odds and smaller profits from your bets. If you want to bet and win big like verified tipsters, you should learn to identify opportunities with high odds. This point has a lot to do with finding value in bets.

v. Learn to be Patient

When betting on football, it is important to learn how to be patient. There are opportunities propping up every now and then. Your goal should be to make profits over a long period, instead of winning each and every bet. And those big opportunities lie in making accurate predictz football predictions and winning on markets with big odds. If you want to make some serious money every month and at the end of every season, you should learn how to be patient.

One way to do so is by relying on predictions and tips from verified tipsters. Such experts do all the research and check all the factors involved before making their tips.

What Is The Importance Of The First Goal In Soccer?

What Is The Importance Of The First Goal In Soccer?

This is especially true in case of live betting since bettors are able to stake their money in those events which have had precedence in an ongoing game. Using historic data most tipster websites offer tips based on speculations and assumptions but for live betting, these whoscored predictions are based on events that have just happened and which have a greater impact on the outcome of a game.

Team winning statistics

Statistically, it has been proved that teams scoring the first goal in a soccer match are much better placed, physically and mentally, to win in the end. To be more precise, teams which score the first goal in a soccer match have a:

  • 69% chance of winning the match,
  • 19% chance of the match resulting in a draw and
  • 12% chance only of losing the match.

However, most tipster websites offering soccerway betting tips state that while these statistics are true for individual games, league group matches and league table standings might have a different impact on the same.

On the other hand, the team against which the goal has been scored tends to become a bit demoralised thereby dimming the chances of making a comeback. Thus using these first goal statistics and facts, bettors with whoscored predictions are better placed to make a correct prediction of the final results of the match.

Exceptions to the rule

Soccer is an unpredictable game and no amount of data and statistical analysis can guarantee 100% predictions and tips from tipster websites. It would also not be wrong to say that the surety of a win has a tendency to rob the game of its thrill and excitement; two factors that make for a great adrenaline rush as experienced by players, viewers, punters and bookies alike.

There are other factors involved in the games which have an impact on the soccerway betting tips and predictions like:

  • Whether the first goal was scored by the home or away team,
  • The point of the game at which the goal was scored,
  • The physical state of the teams,
  • The progress of the weather etc.

These result in the formation of situations wherein visiting teams manage to turn the tides in their favour and win the game even after losing out on scoring the first goal.

Thus it would not be wrong to say that winning a wager in soccer betting depends on a strategy which involves getting good whoscored tips and taking the statistics involved into consideration thereby enabling the punter to achieve almost 80% success in placing a wager.

How do online casinos use technology to achieve their goals?

Casino Malasya

Most governments have legitimized online casinos because of their acceptance by the general public that has hitherto shunned gambling as an expensive and risky business.

Technology played a crucial role in the development, expansion, and acceptance of online casinos and it won’t be an exaggeration to say that the technology is still helping in the growth and development of gambling websites.

Today, website gambling is the most popular form of entertainment and its popularity is growing with each passing day. For example, a casino Malaysia is free to work across the globe and make as many members as it can by making lucrative offers like a no-deposit bonus.

Let’s see how technology helped casinos in reaching out to people

  1. Visibility

It is the first step toward acceptance. You accept things you can perceive, access and use. It is easier to visit a website than accessing a traditional gambling facility. Digital technology allowed brick-and-mortar buildings to convert into websites and become visible.

  1. Attractive

It is easier to beautify a website than to decorate a physical building. Graphic designing proved to be a blessing for traditional gambling clubs that were looking for convenient ways to make their businesses attractive. They converted into websites and started targeting people.

  1. Convenience

Software development is used for making casino games more interesting. For example, take video poker that is a close cousin of poker but different in approach. You can play video poker alone and take your time in playing your cards. Similarly, slots are made interesting by adding more reels and winnings lines to them.

  1. Live gambling

CCTV technology made it possible for gambling clubs to function live. The clubs start giving live telecast of their activities on their sites. The remote players are allowed to join games using their computers. This step catapulted gambling websites to the top of the scale of popularity and acceptability.

  1. Mobile gambling

Mobile application development technology gave more teeth to gambling websites. They can now allow their members to access gambling activities through mobile apps and enjoy those activities while on the go. A mobile application can activate features of a phone for a hassle-free gambling experience.

  1. Marketing

It is much easier to drive potential gamblers to websites than to physical clubs. It isn’t that gambling clubs were unaware of digital marketing before making websites but that they find it easier to promote sites than traditional facilities. They target people with advertisements with links to their sites. Clicking on those ads take people directly to their websites.

  1. Tutorials

Casino dealers make video tutorials for games like poker, blackjack, and baccarat and release the videos on popular video platforms. Also, they share those videos on social media sites for enthusiasts to see and get attracted to gambling websites. The objective of videos is to show how easy and enjoying it is to gamble on the web.

  1. Round the clock service

It isn’t that physical clubs can’t work 24×7 but that they would require a large team of ground staff to run the games. But a website is always available and working. So, it can be said that the traditional clubs start working round the clock by converting into online casinos.

  1. Affordability

It is only with technology that a casino Malaysia can offer games at an unbelievably low price. For example, you can play a game of online slot with less than $1. It is really amazing because it gives a sense of financial freedom to players. In other words, you can play without worrying about draining your savings in gambling.

  1. Control

Technology allowed gambling websites to have total control over their services. For example, a site could limit the number of chances for a player and it helps in providing exclusive facilities like a bonus. We will discuss bonus in the later part of the blog.

  1. Free trials

Technology comes to help wherever needed. For example, a site can allow free gambling for a while to allow visitors to spend some time on the site and experience gambling. The software-controlled games help in increasing acceptability and brand building in the long run.

  1. Reliability

A gambling website uses software to generate winning numbers. It doesn’t use dealers to decide results because the software is quick and smart. Advantage of software is that it reduces human errors to zero and in this way build reliability. You can say, people rely more on software than on human dealers.

  1. Lesser dependence on human interaction

Gambling sites provide comprehensive information in the form of guidelines and Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) to provide quick answers to common questions. Also, they provide quick customer care using the latest communication channels including chatting and email.

  1. Privacy

Websites can keep track of their members without asking them to disclose their identities. In other words, the sites provide complete privacy to their users. Again, it is technology at work.

  1. Safe payment

Today it is possible to make safe payments on the web. Also, gambling websites are allowed to open accounts for their members. A gambling account is used for playing and receiving winnings. You can link your gambling account with your bank account for a smooth transfer of funds. It is the latest technology and it is much safer than the erstwhile technology.

Here we see how technology helped in the growth and development of online casinos and how it is still helping gambling websites in reaching out to the world audience.

If you want to enjoy gambling then you should join a casino Malaysia that would give you a bonus for free gaming. But the bonus would come with some conditions that you can read at the time of opening your gambling account.

Gambling online with a casino Malaysia is a great idea. You have a bonus for free gaming and plenty of games including video poker and online slots to choose from. Also, you can play the lottery and bet on sporting events using your gambling account. Online gambling is a unique experience with an opportunity to earn quick bucks.

15 easy steps to choose the best online casino

15 easy steps to choose the best online casino

Online casinos give welcome bonus that could be a no-deposit bonus but it doesn’t mean that you should join the first gambling website you find on the web.

If you have a friend who’s also a member of a gambling website, you can join the website he’s a member of. Or ask him to help in finding a reliable site where you can enjoy casino games and other activities like lottery and sports betting.

Let’s assume that you are an amateur in gambling and looking for the best gambling site. In this situation, you will start your search with basic factors like design before moving on to more important factors like license.

  1. Design

Design is the first thing you will notice at your first encounter with online casinos. If you find a design attractive, you will stay on the site and explore its services. Here you have a choice. You can simply discard a site who you don’t find attractive.

  1. Presentation

After the design, you will look at the presentation. For example, the home page of the site could have pictures of casino games with information on bonus and jackpot. You will try comprehending the offers from pictures and whatever information is provided. If you can, you will move to the next step that is membership.

  1. User-friendly

You will notice whether a site is user-friendly while exploring its content like finding links to internal pages. For example, you won’t find it user-friendly, if you need to scroll a site up and down to read its content to make it meaningful.

  1. Membership form

You will be asked to fill an online form to become a member. The form should be simple like it shouldn’t ask the information that you don’t have or you don’t want to share. For example, you might have reservation in sharing your date of birth but no hesitation in mentioning your age. Similarly, you might want to gamble with a fake identity. If you find the form difficult, you will choose to quit.

  1. Payment options

You will expect multiple payment options including card payment (debit/credit), online transfer and PayPal, etc. But you shouldn’t be forced to choose a specific option like Google Pay. Any compulsion from the site could make you suspicious about it.

Important factors

  1. License

Gambling is a legitimate business and like other businesses, it is also registered. For example, online casinos would be registered in the countries they are working from. A gambling website should publish its license to run casino games on its homepage. It would be a number or a seal/stamp of the country the gambling site belongs to.

  1. Security

It is a technical matter but of more concern than other factors. You will enter your card/account details on a site to transfer payment. If the site isn’t using high-security level like SSL, the crucial info related to your bank account could get hacked. But it is easier to check the security level of a site. You will find a sign like a “lock” on the payment page of the website. If you click on the lock, you will get complete information about its security features.

  1. Games offered

All casino games will be there on a leading gambling site but you will expect more like many versions of slots and video poker that is said to be more interesting than the traditional form of poker. While you will find all the games under the service tab of the site, some websites have dedicated pages for different games. Your longing for more would keep your eyes glued to the site.

  1. Bonus

It is free money from a gambling site but it could be in hundreds of dollars. You can play for free depending on the terms and conditions guiding the bonus. For example, the bonus could be in the form of free turns instead of cash. Or the cash could be for selected games.

  1. Jackpot

It is what that would excite you most about casino games. A jackpot can multiply your winnings in one-shot. You can check the rules for jackpot and play accordingly to emerge victorious. Chasing jackpots will make the activities more interesting.


  1. Education

Since you are new to gambling, you will expect the gambling site to provide real help in understanding rules of games. For example, take baccarat. This card game involves chasing number 9. You will be dealt two cards whose value would be calculated to determine your position. In baccarat, tens and face cards worth zero and other cards including ace retain their values. You should get complete info in a readable manner.

  1. Live dealers

Table games including roulette are run by dealers. As an online player, you won’t have physical access to the dealers but you can communicate with them using chatting platforms. In short, online casinos should allow you to communicate directly with dealers instead of suggesting you refer Frequently Asked Questions.

  1. Transfer of winnings

Your winnings would be credited to your gambling account from where you can transfer the winnings to your bank account but only after obtaining the permission of your gambling site. Online casinos have wagering requirements for gamblers and these requirements could be discouraging for players. It is advised you go through all the terms and conditions of gambling before making an opinion on a gambling site.

  1. Mobile gambling

It is the latest trend in online gambling. Today there is hardly a gambling site without a mobile application. You should also get an app from your casino. But before downloading the application on your mobile, you should check its compatibility with other apps in your mobile. This app will make gambling more entertaining because you can access the casino and participate in all the activities offered from your mobile.

  1. Customer care

A gambling website must have a customer care section to deal with queries raised by gamblers. It is a must because, in the absence of dedicated customer care service, you will feel discouraged to continue your membership with the site.

PokerStars- 2019 Sponsored Live Events

PokerStars Caribbean Adventure (PCA) 2019

Featuring the inaugural $25,000 buy-in PokerStars Players NL Hold’em Championship (PSPC). Witness poker history being made as hundreds of Platinum Pass winners will be among a mix of online qualifiers and poker pros playing the $9M event. More info

Plus Webcast Coverage:

  • 11 consecutive days of live streaming from the Bahamas (Jan 6 – 16)
  • All 5 days of the $25k PokerStars Players No Limit Hold’em Championship (follow the PSPC from start to finish)
  • Final 2 days of the $100k PCA Super High Roller
  • Final 4 days of the $10k PCA Main Event
  • Free to watch on Twitch and YouTube
  • Cards-up coverage every day
  • Expert commentary from top tournament players
  • Exclusive giveaways and freerolls for live stream viewers

Watch on


Anonymous Poker Tables

Anonymous Poker Tables

In recent years, a growing number of online poker sites offer anonymous poker tables, where a player can sit during a session without ever revealing his identity or having a regular pseudonym that tracking services can monitor.

Bovada is one of the flagship sites of anonymous poker, making the game accessible to US players (Bovada only accepts players based in the United States). Party Poker and Ignition Casino (US players only) also offer anonymous tables; their large player base makes it an ideal game for players around the world.

The anonymous option means that if you are a long-term winner of the game or a long-term loser, no one at the table will know. For some, the introduction of these tables was a controversial issue, claiming that it was removing some skills from the game of poker, while other players welcomed the introduction of the anonymous games.

Here I look at the pros and cons of anonymous poker tables. I start by looking at the games from the point of view of a good regular winner at the poker tables. I then watch the games from the point of view of a recreational player, who may well be a loser in the standings. I end by looking at anonymous poker from a general point of view and ask him if he is good for the game.

anonymous poker tables

Anonymous Poker Tables – View of a Winning Player

A regular winner has three main weapons in his poker arsenal. In addition to being a good solid game at the tables, they will also be particularly good at selecting the table and will use a “Head-Up Display” that tells them a wide range of statistics about each opponent at the table. These Head-Up Display will show players information about each session they have already played with the player. The anonymous tables actually eliminate two of these weapons, because they allow both the selection of the table and the use of the redundant Head-Up Display.

However, is this really bad news for the usual winner? They will always be the best players at the table, will always be able to read their opponents at a table and take advantage of them. A good player will take money from a bad player, anonymous or not. However, a problem arises for players who like to play a large number of tables at the same time: multi-spreadsheets are very dependent on their Head-Up Display for reading. It is, therefore, the players who will be the hardest hit. The lack of selection of the table will also mean that good player will not be able to guarantee that they are sitting at a “shady” table – which means they will have to play at a table to find out!

Overall, this means that good players will still make money at the tables, but it will take them more work and time.

Anonymous poker tables – view of a recreational player

Many recreational players will notice virtually no difference when playing an anonymous table. They will be happy to play their cards against the other players at the table. A heavily losing recreational player will probably have no idea that he may have been targeted by a number of good players at standard tables and therefore did not realize he was sitting with a group of sharks. When playing at an anonymous table, the same player who loses weight still does not know if he is sitting with a bunch of fish or a group of sharks, he is just trying to make money, playing poker.

However, this player may notice that he does not lose so much when playing anonymous tables. They might attribute this to the fact that their game has improved or they might think that their game is “more suited” to anonymous poker – it’s actually neither of them, it’s just that the best players have trouble to meet these bad players and it will take a lot more hands to realize that the player is bad (where with a Head-Up Display, they would know the moment they sat).

Anonymous poker tables – General point of view

If you wonder if the anonymous tables are good for the game, you will probably get a different answer depending on the quality of the player. Seen from the outside with a long-term view, it’s probably not a bad thing for the game that bad players take longer to lose their money. This means they will be more likely to come back and reload their poker accounts – while a series of fast losing sessions might see them quitting the game completely. If many people quit the game completely, it can only be a bad thing for the game.

However, another question can be asked. Is anonymous poker really poker? One of the joys of the game for many players is the fact that you can read the opponent players and develop a plan to beat those players. Anonymous poker eliminates this aspect of the game. In real poker, if you go to a casino regularly, you will not be anonymous – should the game be different online?

Top brain foods to help casino gamblers

Top brain foods to help casino gamblers

Say what you like about their strategy, but if you’ve ever watched Ocean’s Eleven then you’ll know that when hitting Las Vegas casinos for millions, those guys were meticulous in their planning. Their casino strategy was planned like a breakout from Alcatraz and nothing was left to chance.

Why Food Can Support Gambling Strategy

The world’s best stockbrokers, traders, investors, and gamblers have something in common – they play their specialist ‘game’ with mindfulness – or to put it more traditionally, they have a damn strong psychology. Naturally, such a strong game doesn’t come from one specific element – it’s the sum of everything they do and who they are as individuals. Whatever your gambling level and aspirations, you can take hints from the professionals.

In a report published by Popular Science, it was noted that your brain requires a tenth of a calorie per minute in order to stay alive. Unsurprisingly, your brain requires more disposable calories when you are hard at the thought. Strong cognitive performance can only come from being fully saturated. As the Snickers advert states: “you’re not you when you’re hungry”.The right diet is of paramount importance to all aspects of life and surprisingly, it is vital to gambling. Why do you think pro poker players can play to such a high standard after hours at the table? They have a solid diet that suits their required vocation perfectly. The average gambler, quite rightly, would never have thought twice about what to eat before hitting the tables, but with some carefully selected food stuffs, you can actually boost your overall playing capabilities. It really is a win-win; you effectively improve your chances of winning and simultaneously improve your health below, we will take you through the best things to eat pre-game and during.


Oily Fish

Although mackerel, sardines, and pilchards may not leave too much to be desired, they work an absolute treat in increasing brainpower. Packed to the rafters with eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid (we’ll call them EPA and DHA respectively), the duo is instrumental in improving brain power. The body is an EPA/DHA fiend and oily fish is its so-called fix. A good fish supper before a game will help you to reduce the edge that the house possesses and a strategic chewing gum will get rid of an unwanted fish breath whilst retaining the mental benefits.


To complement your fish, you should look no further than spinach. Not only does it turn Popeye into a genetic freak but it can give you a memory that can rival that of the MIT card-counting team. A solid source of vitamin E and folate, which not only improves your memory but also your fertility, the benefits of a side of spinach are huge, and a mouthful here and there really will improve your game.

Baked Potato

When you sit down at a table you know you’re there for the long haul and as such you need something of substance sitting in your stomach. Step forth the humble baked potato. In a recent study that assessed 38 different types of food in appetite saturation, the spud came out on top, with people stating that they felt fuller and ate less two hours after originally consuming a baked potato. There is nothing worse than finding yourself at a table when hunger hits. It alters your thinking and as a result, your hazard perception may become blurred, thus you may incur greater losses. A full stomach is a key to any extended gambling splurge.


Coffee or Green Tea

As well as being en vogue, drinking coffee or green tea has been proven in scientific research to boost brain function. The benefits of a strong caffeine hit before physical and mental tests include increased alertness, memory and focus – all vital when gambling. Caffeine has also been shown to reduce feelings of pain, but of course, most gamblers will be hoping this won’t be necessary.

2. Coconut Oil

Mixing a spoon of coconut oil into your cup of coffee or green tea is a research-supported way to boost mental energy and focus. Coconut oil contains a fatty acid called MCT (mid-chain-triglyceride) which is metabolized rapidly by the body in an unusual way. The brain has a unique ability to burn these fats, which are linked to enhanced focus and mental performance. In fact, MCT’s have been shown to have benefits for epilepsy sufferers, too.

3. Blueberries

The humble blueberry is a superfood that literally deserves the title – particularly when it comes to its scientifically proven brain benefits. Studies show that the berries enhance blood flow to the brain and improve scores on cognitive tests when consumed regularly. A handful of blueberries or a glass of juice before gambling is a winner.

4. Dark Chocolate

The darker the chocolate the better it is when it comes to giving you an energy boost. The higher the cacao concentration the more of a jolt you will get. This is due to the nutrients in cacao, which boost both energy and focus. It also contains caffeine, and we all know the joys of that. A bar of dark chocolate is not only a tasty treat but a potential game-changer; energy and focus are instrumental in success in any field, so by eating foodstuffs that boost both, you are improving the likelihood of a win.

5. Walnuts

Walnuts don’t just look like our brains, they’re great for the mind, too. These little powerhouses contain rich levels of the omega-3 essential fatty acids known as EPA and DHA, nutrients that the body can’t synthesize itself. Regular consumption of omega-3 rich foods such as walnuts is associated with better mental health and function – including concentration, memory, and mood, as highlighted in the book, Boost Your Brain Power in 60 Seconds. Eat walnuts or other omega-3 rich foods such as salmon and oily fish 2-3 times a week to help optimize your gambling mind and strategy.

6. Oats

When it comes to the gambling mind, steady energy levels are crucial. We want to feel positive, alert and as steady as a poker pro holding the biggest bluff hand of his life. So, complex carbohydrates are on the menu and processed, sugary food is out. Oats are a complex carbohydrate that releases energy slowly and also contains a small amount of fat and protein. Protein flapjacks are a good quick-fix option, especially if you’re into pre-gambling workouts.

The foods above can be combined easily in a bowl of pre-gambling porridge, sprinkled with walnuts and blueberries – plus a nice cup of coffee. Just make sure you stay well hydrated before and during gambling sessions!

Roulette Odds vs. Blackjack Counting Cards Statistics

A good explanation I found on Youtube about Roulette Odds vs. Blackjack Counting Cards – Statistics

Roulette Odds vs. Blackjack Counting Cards Statistics

Let me know what you think..

Slot Machines and Human Behavior

Conditioning and Reinforcement

As a result of technological advances and a variety of reasons, slot machines have become the most popular form of casino-style gambling in the United States and in many other countries over the past two decades. This is reflected in both revenues and the total number of machines. In 2021, there were nearly a 1.5 million slot machines worldwide, most of them in the United States. The rise of popularity with slot machines may be found in the machines’ potent control over the individual player. According to psychologists studying this problem, slot machine gambling demonstrates the principle of conditioning and superstitious behavior that contributes to the effectiveness of slot machines. The behavior generated by slot machines is so potent that it is often regarded as addictive. We will examine some of these controlling factors and learn how we can help our self to stay in control and be one step ahead of the game.

Number of slots worldwide
Number of slots worldwide

When we play a slot machine, we find that it generates a high rate of behavior for a long period of time. The machine’s sole purpose is to be operated. Other machines either produce a product or help us to complete tasks more quickly, easily and accurately. In contrast, slot machines are simply there to be operated and meet their owner’s objective. The first question we must ask is what makes this machine so successful?

The successful slot machine must be attractive, induce operation and maintain the player’s behavior even though the player is operating at a loss. In the late nineteenth century, slot machines were works of art. The exquisite tool work, vivid colors and visible jackpot all draws the potential player to the machine. Today’s technology offers stereo sound, super graphics and interactive choices which induces the operation of the slot machine and maintains the player’s interest even further. The players’ behavior is induced by the payout and the possibility of winning big. People travel to Las Vegas in search of hitting the jackpot. Once, the action is initiated, the player maintains this action by hoping that the next outcome will bring him the fortune.

As we know, winning combinations of symbols are predetermined and in general small payout maintain the action. Getting two out of three jackpot symbols on the pay line is exciting. The player has been reinforced at no cost to the machine owner. We must also mention the way in which reels stop enhances the reinforcement. If the first reel stops on a potential winner, a heightened state of arousal occurs. Symbols above and below the pay line also condition the mind of the player. Not only is the machine conditioning the mind, but the environment of the casino as well. People near us and around us are engaged in the same behavior and they all are interested in the same outcome, a jackpot. The screams of joy and excitement can be heard whenever jackpots are announced. All these produce stimuli that maintain the schedule of reinforcement.

Superstition is another great generator of behavior reinforcement. Players develop strange ways of pulling the handle, standing, putting money in the coin slot, rubbing the side of the machine, etc. We, of course, know that no such behavior can influence the outcome of the game but in a player’s mind, these actions reinforce his or her conviction that the machine will hit. Another form of slot conditioning is playing more than one machine simultaneously. When this happens, not only slot playing is reinforced but so is switching. Soon, every response becomes a switching response and again the need to continue to play is reinforced.

Environmental Factors

Casino floors are carefully created to attract gamblers. Sounds of bustling players, casino employees, loud machines, ringing bells, shouts of joys, bright lights, all contribute indirectly in shaping the players’ behavior and habits. So, if you are going to gamble with slot machines, take time to observe your surroundings and learn to read the pay schedule. The higher the jackpot payout, the higher the number of virtual stops on a reel and a lower probability of hits. Look for a machine that has a lower jackpot payout, for example, a machine that has a jackpot of 20,000 coins for a three coin play will more likely have a lower probability of hits than one that has 2,500 coins jackpot. Popular machines such as IGTs Double Diamond and Triple Diamonds is a good beginning for a novice slot player. Playing the maximum coins guarantees a higher return if you win but also depletes your bankroll at a faster rate. If your goal is to extend your playing time, then play coins one at a time followed by perhaps a few and in between maximum coin play. Remember, the computer is randomly selecting a 1,000 numbers per second and there are millions of numbers to choose from and the occurrence of a big jackpot win is possible but unlikely for the time you spend near the machine. One must remember that the length of time it takes for a full cycle to complete may be as short as a week or as long as five years. Since a winning combination is solely determined by a selection of a random number, it is possible for a jackpot to appear back-to-back although this may be rare.

We initially said that the better machines, those that have a higher percentage payout may be placed near the doors or restaurants to attract attention and bring more players, the reality is that these machines placements are done first for appearances. All slots machines produce reports on a regular basis and machines that are not getting enough players will be moved to a different location, hoping to improve the number of plays. Therefore, placement is not based on a machine’s percentage or payback percentage. It is based on how well a game is getting played, that is, the number of coins that are dropped into the machine. It is worth reminding the reader that changing any machine’s configuration such as the payout table is very time consuming and expensive to the casino owners and for this reason, the placement of machines is based strictly on the return of the machines rather than the percentage.

Try our Free Online Slots >>

Facts About Gambling in UK You Couldn’t Believe


The proportion of online gamblers who have gambled using a mobile phone or tablet;


of people in the UK have participated in any form of gambling in the past four weeks (48% last year);


The proportion of people who think that gambling is associated with crime (39% in last year);


The proportion of people who think that gambling is fair and can be trusted (34% in last year);


Percentage of people who have participated in gambling in the past four weeks, excluding those who had only played the National Lottery draw (33% last year);


The proportion of online gamblers who have bet in-play (26% in last year);


Percentage of people who had gambled online in the past four weeks (17% in last year);


The proportion of gamblers who have ever self-excluded (6% in last year);


The proportion of respondents who were identified as low or moderate risk gamblers;


Percentage of people who had played on machines in a bookmaker in the past four weeks (1% in last year);


The proportion of respondents who were identified as problem gamblers;


Facts about Gambling in UK You Couldn't believe

What People Gamble on

Except for National Lottery this the statistical distribution of what people gamble on:

What People Gamble on
What People Gamble on (percentage)

Why People Gamble

Why people gamble
Why people gamble

How People Gamble Online

How People Gamble Online
How People Gamble Online

Factors influencing gamblers in their choice of Casino Operator

Factors influencing gamblers in their choice of operator
Factors influencing gamblers in their choice of operator

Online Vs Land-Based Casinos Gamblers

Within the development of online gambling, there has been a rapid increase in the number of online gamblers, although the latest studies show that the relation between online gamblers and visitors to land-based casinos still favors the latter.

At the beginning of this century, the percentage of online gamblers was less than 1% of the traditional casinos’ gamblers.

We wanted to find out what is the share of traditional gamblers who also visit online casinos on 2021, outline the characteristics of online casino visitors and identify the reasons why some of them only go to traditional casinos while others visit both traditional and online casinos.

The results were that only 7% of the traditional casinos’ visitors also visit online casinos.

Then, we conducted semi-structured interviews with the group of gamblers who visit online casinos to determine the reasons for their decision. The primary purpose of the research was to determine the reasons why certain gamblers only visit traditional casinos, whereas others also gamble online.

The first factor we found was the vicinity of a traditional casino. 80% of the land-based casino visitors lived less than 20 km away.

The second factor expressed by 77% of the gamblers was that visiting a traditional casino the possibility to socialize with other gamblers, which is only possible in a traditional casino environment. It should be emphasized here that he desire to socialize is most common in two age groups: in the age group between 21 and 30, and in the age group between 31 and 40.

The third most important factor for visiting a traditional casino, expressed by 57% was entertainment options such as concerts, dancing and so on.

The fourth reason for visiting a traditional casino also include safety issues. 37%, of land-based casinos, are afraid of their personal information being abused, sent over the internet. Such fears are most pronounced in the age group above 50.

Online Vs. Land-Based Casinos
Online Vs. Land-Based Casinos

Most of the gamblers who use the services of online casinos are males: 85% were men and 15% were women. Online players are representatives of the younger generation, the oldest interviewee was 44 years old. Most gamblers hold middle or high positions in the organization structure of the organizations where they are employed, and have, on average, secondary school or university education. All online gamblers use computers, the internet on a daily basis, and have access to broadband connections. Most of them access online casinos at home, more rarely from their workplace.

They have a positive attitude towards the internet and online services and a high degree of trust in the information technology. They do not use the internet to access only online casinos but for other services as well, e. g. online banking, shopping and such.

In the interview, we were also interested in how often they visit online casinos and what type of games they play. Our finding was that the majority of respondents visit online casinos once a week or even less frequently, while only 4 respondents play at least twice a week. It is interesting that the respondents visit online casinos on weekdays, mainly from Monday to Thursday, while on weekends, i. e. from Friday until Sunday, they prefer going to traditional casinos.

When they gamble online, they almost exclusively play the games at gambling tables and are not very keen on slot machines. When they play over the internet, they make smaller wagers compared to those in traditional casinos.

This is not surprising since their average playing time in online casinos is shorter than in traditional casinos.

Since the gamblers who only go to traditional casinos were asked for the reasons behind their decision, a similar question was posed to online gamblers as well. Their main motive for gambling online is the lack of time caused by work and family-related matters. 41.74% of the respondents stated this as the main reason.

It is interesting that more than a fifth of respondents (22%) stated that they had visited an online casino only once. They were disappointed with the visit.

They believe that online casinos do not offer the same level of the adrenalin rush as traditional casinos. They did not return for a second visit because playing over the internet meant playing alone, without their usual company and because they want to share their experiences with other casino visitors.

Consequently, a fifth of land-based gamblers does not intend to visit an online casino again.

Almost a fifth or 18% of the respondents visit online casinos because of geographical considerations – they live 40–70 kilometers from the traditional casino.

11% of respondents gave a large variety of games as the reason for visiting online casinos; online casinos enable them to play games they miss in traditional casinos.

The reasons for visiting online casinos are also privacy and the peaceful environment the players can enjoy while gambling online.

7.4% of respondents claimed that they preferred gambling online since it gave them enough time to think and play in peace. While gambling online, they are not disturbed by other casino visitors.

The main advantages of online casinos, which attract the gamblers to visit them, are accessibility (no geographical limitations), the large variety of games, privacy, and a peaceful environment. The reasons for visiting online casinos are exactly opposite to the reasons for visiting traditional casinos: geographical proximity, possibility to socialize with friends and optional additional entertainment.

The gamblers who visit online casinos have a positive attitude towards information technology and are representatives of the younger generation.

There seem to be only two options for traditional casinos: the first is to create their own online casinos, which would be a smart promotional and marketing move, and the second is to transform online gamblers into traditional gamblers at least on weekends.

Despite the numerous ethical questions and dangers posed by online gambling, it seems that new technological solutions provide new opportunities for the development and growth of the industry. It depends on the wider social environment and the providers of online gambling whether these casinos continue to exist in the future, or else are banned by the legislative authorities.

The Gambler’s Guide to Travelling

The world’s a big place! If you’re one of the many people in it who enjoys a spot of gambling then this is the place for you! In recent years, gambling has become a far more common pastime with many countries around the globe passing legislation to legalise it.

Back in the early days, if you wanted to gamble you either had to head to Monaco, be wealthy enough to afford the high-class life of Monte Carlo, or you hopped on a plane to Nevada and you went to the entertainment capital of the world for dinner, a show and a few quick games of chance. But nowadays, you can even play at home with card games from Betfair at your fingertips! If you’re hoping to make a trip somewhere with a spot of gambling to lighten your day, there are all kinds of options!

We’re not ruling out Las Vegas or  Monte Carlo of course, both have earned their reputations as a playground for the rich, but if you’re planning to spend some of your holidays in an area that offers the unique thrill of the casino then you definitely need to look at both of these.

But, if what you’re after is a high-quality experience with some high stakes betting, Macau really is the place you need to be. With more casinos than Monaco but fewer than Vegas, Macau is rapidly becoming the Asian equivalent of the other two titans, and its profits are rapidly surpassing that of the incumbent kings.

But Macau isn’t alone, a number of Asian countries are beginning to move into the casino sphere with Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam being major examples – even Japan has recently signed legislation enabling them to open casinos within the country’s borders provided the casinos are part of an ‘integrated resort’.

Even if you want to limit things to one country, say America, there are a few options which you might not consider that make great travel destinations! You could drop by Atlantic City, Pennsylvania, (which recently introduced new ‘mini-casinos’ as a separate form) or any of the rapidly increasing number of states that allow casinos for a slightly more diverse trip than just hitting Vegas. To get an idea of some of the great locations around the globe where you pop in to play some casino games, check out this handy infographic!

Gamblers Guide to Travelling

Space-themed games we can’t get enough of

Lots of the slot games you can play online today are out of this world. We don’t just mean they showcase phenomenal graphics, brilliant bonus features, and big winning potential. We mean they’re literally set out of this world – in galaxies far, far away – with more aliens and rocket ships than you can blast a laser beam at!

Here are 5 of the best space-themed slots you can play at, the online casino boasting over 600 slot, jackpot and live casino games. Try them out today and discover which is your favorite.

Money Mad Martians: Cosmic Cash

Money Mad Martians: Cosmic Cash -Slot
Money Mad Martians: Cosmic Cash

Before it landed on the online gaming scene, Money Mad Martians: Cosmic Cash used to be a popular slot machine in real pubs and casinos. It’s themed around aliens from the planet Mars and comes with 3 main bonus features. The first is the Shuffling Reels Feature, which can see mad Martians fly in after any losing spin to move symbols around on the reels and create winning combinations. The second is the Asteroid Bonus, where you get to blast matter floating about in space for prizes. And finally, you have what would think is the game’s best bonus feature of all: the Planet Bonus. Here you get to try and blow up entire planets to win some seriously big cash payouts!

Alien Robots

Alien Robots Slot Machine
Alien Robots Slot Machine

Think you’ve got what it takes to brave intergalactic cyborgs? Then you need to play Alien Robots. It’s a futuristic slot boasting 243 ways to win on every spin and lots of funky cartoon androids from foreign planets. What we think what makes this slot so great is its Free Spins Bonus. Spot 3, 4 or 5 UFOs on the reels at once and you’ll be awarded up to 50 Free Spins! There’s also a Sticky Wilds Feature that kicks in throughout all Free Spins. Whenever a substituting Wild symbol is landed, it expands to cover the entire reel and becomes ‘sticky’ – by which we mean it’s held in place as the reels are re-spun for an even better chance to win!

Cowboys & Aliens

cowboys Aliens Slot
cowboys Aliens Slot

There’s nothing we love more than teaming up with lasso-wielding cowboys to defend the Wild West from alien life. If you feel the same, you’ll not want to miss playing Cowboys & Aliens. It’s a 9-payline slot designed with comic-book-style graphics and some seriously-cool bonus features. The Alien Weapon Feature is triggered whenever a space gun is landed on the first reel. Watch as shots are fired at random symbols on the reels, turning them into Wilds with the power to complete more winning combinations! There’s also a Free Games Bonus and an Alien Attack Bonus, where you’ll get to kill aliens for cash.

Space Wars

Space Wars slot
Space Wars slot

Though you may not be aware of it, there’s been a war raging between the inhabitants of different planets for centuries. Space Wars is a slot that gives you a chance to join in the intergalactic battle. If we had to pick what we love most about this slot, it would have to be the Cloning Pod you can see beside the reels as you play. Winning symbols get blasted into the Cloning Pod after every successful spin, only to be duplicated and shot back out as the reels are re-spun to boost your chances of landing another win!

Astro Babes

Astro Babes Slot
Astro Babes Slot

If you haven’t met them already, let us introduce you to the Astro Babes. Bonny, Roxy, Violet, Betsy, and Gwen are the 5 girls that form a group of smoking-hot astronauts with their own 100-payline slot. The ladies are more than just eye candy for players. As you spin, you’ll notice that each babe can fill an entire reel to turn it into a special Wild Reel, helping you to land more winning combinations! So even though there’s not an alien in sight, we think it one of the best space-themed slots around.

How to Work in a Casino

How to Work in a Casino

The thought of working in a casino can be exciting and lucrative. However, deciding what job role and career progression you want can be difficult. Most casinos are like resorts, catering for everyone, meaning they employ different people with varying skill sets. But, before deciding which casino career is right for you, there are some minimum requirements for working in the gaming industry that you must meet.

The first thing to consider before applying, is your age, as you must be at least 18 years of age to meet the first requirement to work in a casino. However, it is important to bear in mind that most casinos will require all employees to be at least 18.

Next, you must have a secondary school education (GCSEs, diplomas, GED etc). For a non-specialised job role in a casino, you’ll only need to provide your educational background, however, certain positions will require special skills. For example, a dealer may be required to have training at a gambling/dealing school unlike a gaming manager, who would need a Bachelor’s degree in a financial/business-related field. Examples of other useful skills to have before applying are great customer service and money handling experience.

You’ll also need to pass a background check. Due to the large amounts of money being handled in casinos, there has to be strict employee rules and records. It’s important to note that casinos have a zero-tolerance policy on drug use and any past criminal behavior, so those with a criminal record might want to consider a career elsewhere.

Finally, you’ll need to obtain a gaming license, no matter your job role. Even those who don’t work on the casino floor must have a license.

Jobs Available

If you’ve passed the minimum requirements to work in a casino, it’s time to start considering which job role would be right for you.

Gambling Dealers

How to Work in a Casino as Gambling Dealer

To become a gambling dealer, you must be knowledgeable about the rules of different games. The dealer’s job duties are as follows:

  • Operating games
  • Dispensing the correct number of cards or blocks
  • Comparing the house’s hand against players’ hands
  • Paying off or collecting money or chips from players

Dealers make up a large section of a casino’s employees. The annual salary for a dealer based in London can range between £21K and £29K (depending on experience).

Surveillance Officers

How to Work in a Casino as Surveillance Officers

This particular job role tends to be featured in many casino-themed movies when someone is trying to cheat the house and the officers have to remove them from the casino.

Surveillance officers’ job duties include:

  • Using video and audio equipment
  • Monitoring the casino floor for suspicious activities
  • Watching for cheating and theft
  • Making sure the casino follows laws and regulations

Requirements for this position may include training and prior security experience. As keeping the casino safe is an important and necessary position, surveillance officers based in London earn around £44K – £48K.

Games ManagerHow to Work in a Casino as Games Manager

A games manager oversees the casino’s daily operations on a larger scale.

Gaming manager job duties include:

  • Formulating the casino’s gaming policies
  • Circulating amongst gaming tables to ensure operations are conducted properly
  • Ensuring dealers are following house rules
  • Direct the distribution of complimentary hotel rooms, meals and other discounts for free items given to players based on their betting totals

The average salary for a gaming manager in London is £44K – £52K.

Slot Technicians

How to Work in a Casino as Slot Technician

The first thing you should know about this job position before applying is that a background in electronic repair is necessary.

Slot technicians’ job duties include:

  • Testing
  • Repairing
  • Maintaining the machines

This job can be stressful when having to repair a broken machine on a bustling casino floor, as unlike playing slots online if the website were to stop working, a web developer would be able to fix the problem from the comfort of an office.

As slot technicians have a specialised skill, they tend to earn anywhere between £25K – £30K.


How to Work in a Casino as Bartender

There are plenty of opportunities in casinos for bartenders and casinos typically look for someone with previous bartending experience. This job can be stressful when dealing with large groups of people waiting for their drinks.

Bartending job duties include:

  • Preparing cocktails and non-alcoholic beverages
  • Having knowledge of popular drinks and making suggestions to customers
  • Understanding the alcohol licensing laws

A typical casino bartender based in London earns around £11K – £20K.


Casinos are a great place to work, as they can provide you with stability, competitive wages, benefits, and extras. However, depending on your experience, you must be willing to start small and build on your knowledge through training and experience. Once you are established within a casino you have a strong chance to progress in your chosen career path because most companies promote from within… Good luck and we hope you find the job of your dreams!

Six Plus Hold’em Poker


Six Plus Hold'em Poker


It has finally arrived and it’s definitively here to stay! Six Plus Hold’em is basically the same as the regular No Limit Hold’em that you already know but with a couple very simple tweaks that make the game a lot more intense.


HINT** check out the video (will take only 1 minute 40 seconds) to understand the game better and go crush the tables once you feel ready!

A Brief History of Gambling

According to the American Gaming Association and Christiansen Capital Advisors, consumers spend more on legal gambling in the United States than movie tickets, recorded music, theme parks, spectator sports, and video games combined. In 2017, gross gaming revenues totaled $240 billion, with gamblers placing about $2,500 billion in legal wagers.

Early History of Gambling

Gambling has held human beings in thrall for millennia. It has been engaged in everywhere, from the dregs of society to the most respectable circles. Pontius Pilate’s soldiers cast lots for Christ’s robe as He suffered on the cross. The Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius was regularly accompanied by his personal croupier. The Earl of Sandwich invented the snack that bears his name so that he could avoid leaving the gaming table in order to eat. George Washington hosted games in his tent during the American Revolution. Gambling is synonymous with the Wild West. And “Luck Be a Lady Tonight” is one of the most memorable numbers in Guys and Dolls, a musical about a compulsive gambler and his floating crap game. The earliest known form of gambling was a kind of dice game played with what was known as an astragalus, or knuckle-bone. This early ancestor of today’s dice was a squarish bone taken from the ankles of sheep or deer, solid and without marrow, and so hard as to be virtually indestructible. Astragali have surfaced in archeological digs in many parts of the world. Egyptian tomb paintings picture games played with astragali dating from 3500 BC, and Greek vases show young men tossing the bones into a circle.

While some may think that gambling is a recent phenomenon, it actually dates back to antiquity. Dice have been recovered from Egyptian tombs, while the Chinese, Japanese, Greeks, and Romans all were known to play games of skill and chance for amusement as early as 2300 B.C.

History of Gambling
History of Gambling in America

Both Native Americans and European colonists brought a history of gambling from their own cultures that helped shape America’s views and practices. Native Americans developed games and language describing gambling and believed that their gods determined fate and chance. In 1643, explorer Roger Williams wrote about the games of chance developed by the Narragansett Indians of Rhode Island.

British colonization of America was partly financed through lottery proceeds, beginning in the early 17th century. Because lotteries were viewed as a popular form of voluntary taxation in England during the Georgian era, they also became popular in America as European settlers arrived here. Prominent individuals such as Ben Franklin, John Hancock, and George Washington sponsored a half-dozen lotteries that operated in each of the 13 colonies to raise funds for building projects. Between 1765 and 1806, Massachusetts authorized lotteries to help build dormitories and supply equipment for Harvard College; other institutions of higher learning, including Dartmouth, Yale, and Columbia, also were financed through lotteries. A lottery even was approved to finance the American Revolution.

An intuitive sense of the notions underlying probability has probably characterized winning gamblers since gambling was invented. The Greeks had a word for probability, “eikos”, with the modern meaning of “to be expected with some degree of certainty,” and Aristotle came close to putting quantities to it when he wrote in De Caelo that “… to repeat the same throw ten thousand times with the dice would be impossible, whereas to make it once or twice is comparatively easy.”

The intuitions of gamblers began to find their way into mathematics in 1494, when a Franciscan monk named Luca Paccioli posed what came to be known as the “problem of the points,” drawing from a gambling game called balla. “A and B are playing a fair game of balla,” he stipulated. “They agree to continue until one has won six rounds. The game actually stops when A has won five and B three. How should the stakes be divided?” The first approach to answering the question was given about fifty years later by Girolamo Cardano, a Renaissance polymath, and self-confessed chronic gambler, but was not published until 1663.

The credit for inventing probability theory goes to Blaise Pascal and Pierre de Fermat, who in the course of a correspondence in the 1650s solved the problem of the points by means of what has become known as Pascal’s Triangle, a way of laying out the number of ways in which a particular event can occur. Armed with Pascal’s Triangle, it is possible to determine the proportion that anyone, or any combination, of those events, represents the total.

As the gaming industry has expanded throughout the United States, the gross annual revenue has steadily increased. Gross gambling revenue (GGR) is the amount wagered minus the winnings returned to players, a true measure of the economic value of gambling. GGR is the figure used to determine what a casino, racetrack, lottery or other gaming operation earns before taxes, salaries and other expenses are paid – the equivalent of “sales,” not “profit.” In 2003 for example, the commercial casino industry had GGR of more than $27 billion (not including deepwater cruise ships, cruises-to-nowhere or non-casino devices), but paid $11.8 billion in wages and benefits and more than $4.3 billion in taxes, plus other expenses.

In 2017 the U.S. casinos generated about $240 Billion annually, almost as much as the total state budgets of New York and Texas combined. The casinos’ industry supports more than 1.7 million American jobs, more than twice the size of the D.C.S employment base. The tax revenue of the casinos’ industry contributes $38 billion each year to local state and federal governments, enough to pay more than half a million school teachers’ salaries.

American voters value the casinos in their communities. A 2014 survey by respected pollsters Mark Mellman of The Mellman Group and Glen Bolger of Public Opinion Strategies shows more than 70 percent of voters believe casinos promote job creation. American voters believe casinos improve their communities and help local economies. Nearly six-in-ten voters surveyed say casinos help the economies where they are located. Oxford’s study reveals the benefits that explain this growing appreciation.

OSS Cub3d is BACK! Over $10M in GTD

BlackChip Poker 10M

If you think online poker comes to a standstill in August – think again! We’re bringing back our ultra-popular OSS Cub3d with $10 Million in guaranteed prize pools, including three $1,000,000 GTD Tournaments.

This is three consecutive tourney series from August 5th through September 2nd. It consists of the small stakes Mini Online Super Series (MOSS), flagship Online Super Series (OSS) and high stakes Bigger Online Super Series (BOSS).

All three tournament series will have their own leaderboard, each awarding an $8,000 package to play in the Live Cage in Costa Rica.

And if all that isn’t enough, we’re offering a 50% Reload Bonus up to $200 leading up to the event (July 29th to August 3rd).

Avoid the August poker blues with the $10 Million OSS Cub3d! Click and check out the full schedule.

Casino Edge

Casino edge

Critics of the gaming industry have long accused it of creating the name “gaming” as more politically correct than calling itself the “gambling industry.”

The term “gaming,” however, has been around for centuries and more accurately describes the operators’ view of the industry because most often casino operators are not gambling. Instead, they rely on mathematical principles to assure that their establishment generates positive gross gaming revenues.

The operator, however, must assure the gaming revenues are sufficient to cover deductions like bad debts, expenses, employees, taxes and interest.

Despite the obvious, many casino professionals limit their advancements by failing to understand the basic mathematics of the games and their relationships to casino profitability. One casino owner would often test his pit bosses by asking how a casino could make money on blackjack if the outcome is determined simply by whether the player or the dealer came closest to 21. The answer, typically, was because the casino maintained “a house advantage.”

This was fair enough, but many could not identify the amount of that advantage or what aspect of the game created the advantage.

As in any industry, managers must know a great deal about many things. Given that products offered by casinos are games, managers must understand why the games provide the expected revenues.

Live Casino Roulette
Live Casino Roulette

In the gaming industry, nothing plays a more important role than mathematics. Mathematics also should overcome the dangers of superstitions. An owner of a major strip casino once experienced a streak of losing substantial amounts of money to a few “high rollers.” He did not attribute this losing streak to normal volatility in the games, but to bad luck. His solution was simple. He spent the evening spreading salt throughout the casino to ward off the bad spirits.

Before attributing this example to the idiosyncrasies of one owner, his are atypical only in their extreme. Superstition has long been a part of gambling – from both sides of the table. Superstitions can lead to irrational decisions that may hurt casino profits. For example, believing that a particular dealer is unlucky against a particular (winning) player may lead to a decision to change dealers. As many, if not most, players are superstitious. At best, he may resent that the casino is trying to change his luck. At worst, the player may feel the new dealer is skilled in methods to “cool” the game. Perhaps he is even familiar with stories of old where casinos employed dealers to cheat “lucky” players.

Understanding the mathematics of a game also is important for the casino operator to ensure that the reasonable expectations of the players are met. For most persons, gambling is entertainment. It provides an outlet for adult play.2 As such, persons have the opportunity for a pleasant diversion from ordinary life and from societal and personal pressures.

As an entertainment alternative, however, players may consider the value of the gambling experience. For example, some people may have the option of either spending a hundred dollars during an evening by going to a professional basketball game or at a licensed casino. If the house advantage is too strong and the person loses his money too quickly, he may not value that casino entertainment experience. On the other hand, if a casino can entertain him for an evening, and he enjoys a “complimentary” meal or drinks, he may want to repeat the experience, even over a professional basketball game.

Likewise, new casino games themselves may succeed or fail based on player expectations. In recent years, casinos have debuted a variety of new games that attempt to garner player interest and keep their attention. Regardless of whether a game is fun or interesting to play, most often a player will not want to play games where his money is lost too quickly or where he has an exceptionally remote chance of returning home with winnings.

Mathematics also plays an important part in meeting players’ expectations as to the possible consequences of his gambling activities. If gambling involves rational decision-making, it would appear irrational to wager money where your opponent has a better chance of winning than you do. Adam Smith suggested that all gambling, where the operator has an advantage, is irrational. He wrote “There is not, however, a more certain proposition in mathematics than that the more tickets [in a lottery] you advertise upon, the more likely you are a loser. Adventure upon all the tickets in the lottery, and you lose for certain; and the greater the number of your tickets, the nearer you approach to this certainty.”

Even where the house has an advantage, however, a gambler may be justified if the amount lost means little to him, but the potential gain would elevate him to a higher standing of living.4 For example, a person with an annual income of $30,000 may have $5 in disposable weekly income. He could save or gamble this money. By saving it, at the end of a year, he would have $260. Even if he did this for years, the savings would not elevate his economic status to another level. As an alternative, he could use the $5 to gamble for the chance to win $1 million. While the odds of winning are remote, it may provide the opportunity to move to a higher economic class.

Since the online casino industry is heavily regulated and some of the standards set forth by regulatory bodies involve mathematically related issues, casino managers also should understand the mathematical aspects relating to gaming regulation. Gaming regulation is principally dedicated to assuring that the games offered in the casino are fair, honest, and that players get paid if they win. Fairness is often expressed in the regulations as either requiring a minimum payback to the player or, in more extreme cases, as dictating the actual rules of the games offered. Casino executives should understand the impact that rules changes have on the payback to players to assure they meet regulatory standards. Equally important, casino executives should understand how government mandated rules would impact their gaming revenues.

Poker Strategy: choosing a table

poker strategy

The choice of the table is very important for a successful game. There are tables where you can win a lot, and there are those where, at best, you will play zero. Of course, this is most important at medium-high limits. On the micro limits, from which you will begin, you can win at almost any table. But even here, winrate can strongly depend on the approach to choosing tables (to learn more – read the article on

In addition, it is very important to leave the table in time after the win, since the game with the increased stack is unprofitable.

So, remember at what tables and with what stacks you can play.

poker strategy choosing a table
poker strategy: choosing a table

When choosing a table, you must follow the following rules:

  1. You always play full-ring tables with 9-10 participants. If the players are less than 7, you leave the table (waiting for your turn to put BB). The game with a few opponents is completely different and should be conducted in a different way. In time, you will master it, but it will not be exactly the strategy that we are now teaching you.
  2. Imagine that at the table all players use this strategy. It is clear that the game will reduce to pumping rake poker room. Therefore, you need to choose a table where at least 7 players (with a small selection of tables — at least half of the players) have long stacks. Of course, only a minority of players with a short stack will stick to a strategy similar to ours, and most of them are just bad players who do not risk taking a lot of money into the game. Therefore, after watching the game you can sit at the table with short stacks if we know that they do not stick to a similar strategy. Note: Due to the effectiveness of the strategy of the short stacks, allowing even beginners to win, some leading poker rooms raised buy-ins at most tables, leaving tables for the short stacks. When playing in these rooms, the ability to choose opponents is limited. But most players at the corresponding tables are a regular “fish”, so you can safely play with them without worrying about the size of their stacks.
  3. With numerous tables, the advantage should be given to the table with the largest average pot, the largest number of players watching the flop and not too fast game (this statistics is usually displayed for each table in the lobby of the room.)
  4. If you have more than one free space and you have time to watch the game, you should sit on the left (this is called “in position”) from the weakest players to bet after them and to win more from them.
poker strategy
poker table

Boarding and stack adjustment:

  1. Always sit down to play with a total of 20 big blinds (BB). For the limit of NL10 BB is $0.1 and sit down with $2. For NL25 sit down with $5. If according to the rules of the room the minimum buy-in for this limit is more than 20 BB, then you cannot play at this limit and should choose a higher one.
  2. If during the game our stack is less than 15 BB, we need to buy chips to 20 BB (in some rooms you can set up the automatic purchase, in others — do it manually.)
  3. If your stack is 25 BB or more, you should get up from the table. Continue to play with such a stack is no longer possible. It does not depend on your game, but simply mathematically unprofitable. Getting up from the table is not necessary right away. You turn off the automatic setting of the blinds and wait for the queue to put BB, and then you get up instead of the blind. Playing with an increased stack in the first stage is better to fold all hands, except for monsters — AA, KK. Over time, better mastering the game on post-flop, you can expand the range to normal. Note: you need to consider that only the “effective” stack plays a role, i.e. the smaller of your and the partner stack. Therefore, if you play on special tables for short stacks, and most people have short stacks, then you do not need to leave the table. “Exceeding” your stack, in this case, does not play any role, and you do not need to change your game.
  4. When boarding at the table you are offered to put BB out of turn to immediately start the game. Do not do this; it’s thrown away money, which at the distance pour out into a large amount. You have to wait for your turn to put BB. Exception: if you are in the CO position and the table is full (all seats are occupied and there are no players in the sit-out), then you can put the BB in this position, because in this case you will play 7 hands for 1 BB, instead of the usual 10 hands for 1.5 BB, which is almost the same.

Poker Host Leaving Winning Poker Network July 31st


San Jose, Costa Rica – July 3rd, 2018 – The Winning Poker Network (WPN) today confirmed that partner site Poker Host will no longer be part of the network as of July 31st, 2018. The site, which operates independently from other Winning Poker Network card rooms and is not owned or operated by WPN, is ceasing operations.

“Over the last several years, we’ve enjoyed a great partnership with Poker Host and are sad to see them go,” stated Winning Poker Network CEO Phil Nagy. “We wish the team behind Poker Host nothing but the best of luck in their future endeavors.”

According to communications with players, Poker Host is expediting all withdrawals as soon as they’re requested by players at the poker room. All Bitcoin and Skrill payouts will be free of charge, with the normal fees applied to other payout methods.

Those who wish to continue to play on the Winning Poker Network can create a new account at a number of WPN sites, including flagship Americas Cardroom. The US-facing online poker site offers a Welcome Package for first depositors that include a 100% bonus up to $1,000 (200% if using a cryptocurrency), 20 days of free cash up to $50, and a seat in all New Depositor Freerolls remaining in the calendar month.

Americas Cardroom is also hosting the high roller BOSS, their Bigger Online Super Series featuring over $3 million in guarantees from July 8th-15th. The site has also put together a solid Summer Tournament Schedule to coincide with the WSOP.

To learn more about the Winning Poker Network, visit

About Winning Poker Network: The Winning Poker Network has one of the longest and trusted online names in the industry and has been in existence since 2001. The Winning Poker Network accepts players from the US market and the rest of the world. The Winning Poker Network offers outstanding customer service, a solid reputation with grade “A” payments and a friendly environment for all poker players around the world.

Gambling Reviews

casino poker blackjack sprts betting live dealers reviews

Before you choose a gambling site, you should read a review about it. All the Gambling websites listed on OnlineWager.Pro have been tested and found respectable in any way the players are interested:

  • Fair games;
  • Fast support;
  • Fast withdrawals;
  • Simple deposit;
  • 100% security.

After you play on any of the online gambling site listed on OnlineWager.Pro, come back here and write a review for next players.

Thank you,

OnlineWager.Pro team

Mr Green’s €50K Birthday Bash

Mr Green birthday

Mr. Green‘s having a Birthday Bash…and YOU are invited! ‘Spinata Grande’ and ‘Aloha! Cluster Pays’ have their birthday and we are celebrating with a BANG.

Every €10 wagered on ‘Aloha! Clutter Pays’ and/or ‘Spinata Grande’ generates one entry into the €50,000 Cash Prize Draw. A random draw will be conducted on 20th March and all Cash Prizes will be credited by Tuesday 21st of March.

The Cheltenham Festival – UK only

14:30 CET on 14th March – 18:30 on 17th March

Mr. Green will be adding plenty of value across all four days! The whole field will be price boosted in the first race every day, plus more races including the Gold Cup.

We’ve also got jockey, trainer and winning distance specials, any hunch you have on the Festival, you can back it at Mr. Green.

Spring Break is ON!

00:01 CET on 16th March on 23:59 CET on 27th March

Spring break has arrived at Mr. Green! A total of 10 iPhone 7s, Cash Prizes and a six-day Las Vegas retreat must be won! Players simply have to wager to earn prize draw entries for a chance to win:

iPhone 7 Prize Draw:

€25 – 1 entry | €50 – 3 entries | €80 – 5 entries Cash & Vegas Draw:

€100 – 1 entry | €150 – 2 entries | €200 – 4 entries
€250 – 6 entries | Every Additional €50 – 2 entries

A ‘Green’ kind of Fairy-tale

00:01 on 17th March – 23:59 CET on 19th March €2K Cash Race:

Any real-money bet placed on ‘Beauty & the Beast’ during the campaign period can trigger a bonus chest reward with a random cash prize. All Cash Prizes are credited instantly within the game and all prizes awarded are real Cash and therefore free of any wagering requirements.

Grand Prize:

One player plus guest will embark on a romantic getaway to Colmar, France – an idyllic little town that looks like it’s straight out of ‘Beauty and the Beast’. Entering the draw is super simple!

A minimum of 50 spins is required to qualify for the prize draw. On March 22nd, Mr. Green will put all entries into his bowler hat and draw one lucky winner.

Exclusive Sportsbook Offer

Have you opted into our exclusive Sportsbook offer yet? Newly registered players coming will receive an exclusive wager-free €10 Free Bet, for a deposit over €20 when signing up.
Plus, every player will receive the usual, local Welcome Bonus package.

For more details on Mr. Green‘s marvelous offers, visit our promotions page.