A Brief History of Gambling

According to the American Gaming Association and Christiansen Capital Advisors, consumers spend more on legal gambling in the United States than movie tickets, recorded music, theme parks, spectator sports, and video games combined. In 2017, gross gaming revenues totaled $240 billion, with gamblers placing about $2,500 billion in legal wagers.

Early History of Gambling

Gambling has held human beings in thrall for millennia. It has been engaged in everywhere, from the dregs of society to the most respectable circles. Pontius Pilate’s soldiers cast lots for Christ’s robe as He suffered on the cross. The Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius was regularly accompanied by his personal croupier. The Earl of Sandwich invented the snack that bears his name so that he could avoid leaving the gaming table in order to eat. George Washington hosted games in his tent during the American Revolution. Gambling is synonymous with the Wild West. And “Luck Be a Lady Tonight” is one of the most memorable numbers in Guys and Dolls, a musical about a compulsive gambler and his floating crap game. The earliest known form of gambling was a kind of dice game played with what was known as an astragalus, or knuckle-bone. This early ancestor of today’s dice was a squarish bone taken from the ankles of sheep or deer, solid and without marrow, and so hard as to be virtually indestructible. Astragali have surfaced in archeological digs in many parts of the world. Egyptian tomb paintings picture games played with astragali dating from 3500 BC, and Greek vases show young men tossing the bones into a circle.

While some may think that gambling is a recent phenomenon, it actually dates back to antiquity. Dice have been recovered from Egyptian tombs, while the Chinese, Japanese, Greeks, and Romans all were known to play games of skill and chance for amusement as early as 2300 B.C.

History of Gambling
History of Gambling in America

Both Native Americans and European colonists brought a history of gambling from their own cultures that helped shape America’s views and practices. Native Americans developed games and language describing gambling and believed that their gods determined fate and chance. In 1643, explorer Roger Williams wrote about the games of chance developed by the Narragansett Indians of Rhode Island.

British colonization of America was partly financed through lottery proceeds, beginning in the early 17th century. Because lotteries were viewed as a popular form of voluntary taxation in England during the Georgian era, they also became popular in America as European settlers arrived here. Prominent individuals such as Ben Franklin, John Hancock, and George Washington sponsored a half-dozen lotteries that operated in each of the 13 colonies to raise funds for building projects. Between 1765 and 1806, Massachusetts authorized lotteries to help build dormitories and supply equipment for Harvard College; other institutions of higher learning, including Dartmouth, Yale, and Columbia, also were financed through lotteries. A lottery even was approved to finance the American Revolution.

An intuitive sense of the notions underlying probability has probably characterized winning gamblers since gambling was invented. The Greeks had a word for probability, “eikos”, with the modern meaning of “to be expected with some degree of certainty,” and Aristotle came close to putting quantities to it when he wrote in De Caelo that “… to repeat the same throw ten thousand times with the dice would be impossible, whereas to make it once or twice is comparatively easy.”

The intuitions of gamblers began to find their way into mathematics in 1494, when a Franciscan monk named Luca Paccioli posed what came to be known as the “problem of the points,” drawing from a gambling game called balla. “A and B are playing a fair game of balla,” he stipulated. “They agree to continue until one has won six rounds. The game actually stops when A has won five and B three. How should the stakes be divided?” The first approach to answering the question was given about fifty years later by Girolamo Cardano, a Renaissance polymath, and self-confessed chronic gambler, but was not published until 1663.

The credit for inventing probability theory goes to Blaise Pascal and Pierre de Fermat, who in the course of a correspondence in the 1650s solved the problem of the points by means of what has become known as Pascal’s Triangle, a way of laying out the number of ways in which a particular event can occur. Armed with Pascal’s Triangle, it is possible to determine the proportion that anyone, or any combination, of those events, represents the total.

As the gaming industry has expanded throughout the United States, the gross annual revenue has steadily increased. Gross gambling revenue (GGR) is the amount wagered minus the winnings returned to players, a true measure of the economic value of gambling. GGR is the figure used to determine what a casino, racetrack, lottery or other gaming operation earns before taxes, salaries and other expenses are paid – the equivalent of “sales,” not “profit.” In 2003 for example, the commercial casino industry had GGR of more than $27 billion (not including deepwater cruise ships, cruises-to-nowhere or non-casino devices), but paid $11.8 billion in wages and benefits and more than $4.3 billion in taxes, plus other expenses.

In 2017 the U.S. casinos generated about $240 Billion annually, almost as much as the total state budgets of New York and Texas combined. The casinos’ industry supports more than 1.7 million American jobs, more than twice the size of the D.C.S employment base. The tax revenue of the casinos’ industry contributes $38 billion each year to local state and federal governments, enough to pay more than half a million school teachers’ salaries.

American voters value the casinos in their communities. A 2014 survey by respected pollsters Mark Mellman of The Mellman Group and Glen Bolger of Public Opinion Strategies shows more than 70 percent of voters believe casinos promote job creation. American voters believe casinos improve their communities and help local economies. Nearly six-in-ten voters surveyed say casinos help the economies where they are located. Oxford’s study reveals the benefits that explain this growing appreciation.

Top 10 Poker Plays To Try That You Aren’t Using Today

Poker Shove

Presumably, you are reading this article because you want to become a more dangerous no-limit Hold’em player.

Instead of playing always a conservative, ABC style, you want to open up in the right spots.

Instead of playing mostly to your cards, you want to find plays that exploit the particular opponents you are up against.

I hope you have gotten some ideas already about how you are going to make changes to your game. I am going to distill the ideas in this article down to the top 10 plays you should try to incorporate into your game.

Over-bet the river when you can anticipate your opponent will respond in a very unbalanced way

This play goes both ways, so it can be good against any player type.

Let us start when you expect your over-bet to get called too frequently. For this, your targets are typically fish, but they can also be Loose-aggressive players against whom you have a bit of aggressive history.

Here is the scenario. You are fairly certain you have the best hand. It is the river. You have several times the pot left in your stacks. You think that for whatever reason your remaining opponent may call a shove. Shove!

Fish often call shoves badly on the river because they have an over-pair. These players commonly vastly over-value over-pairs and will simply go broke with them.

If you suspect an over-pair, make sure you break your opponent.

Loose-aggressive players sometimes level themselves into calling a shove. They like to bluff a lot, so they also like to sniff out bluffs.

An over-bet where you are not “supposed” to have the nuts (due to the previous betting) may look like a bluff, and you just might get called.

The beauty of sniffing out these situations is that your LAG opponent might not be tempted to call a normal bet, but the fact that you over-bet might arouse suspicion and elicit the call.

Now the flipside, over-betting when you want a fold.

Your main targets for this are Tight-aggressive, players and particularly nits.

This one is simple. Your opponent by checking back the turn on a draw-heavy board or merely flat calling your bet on such a board has marked himself with a medium-strength one pair hand. Say you play the following hand.

You raise to 3× preflop, and your target calls in the big blind.

The flop comes Q-T-6 with a two-flush.

Your opponent checks and calls your flop bet.

The turn is an 8 that puts a second flush draw out there.

Your opponent checks and calls again.

On a drawish board like this, nits and Tight-aggressive, players will generally want to check-raise the turn with any strong hand to “charge you” to draw.

When they do not raise, either they typically have a draw themselves, or they have a one pair hand that they’re scared to reopen the betting with.

The river is a 3 that completes the backdoor flush.

Your opponent checks and you have 1.8× the pot in your stack.

This is a spot where you can over-bet shove and get a fold from a hand like K-Q (a strong possibility given the action), A-Q, or even perhaps K-K.

From your opponent, the tight-aggressive player or nit’s perspective, there’s just too much out there to call you down with just one pair.

Experiment with over-bets both for value and as bluffs against the appropriate player types. This is a very valuable tool.

Raise junk in position preflop, Barrel flop and turn

Your targets for this play are nits.

When you see a game where most pots are over by the turn, and no one is putting much money in the middle, it is time to break this one out. Just start raising your button and firing the flop and turn.

Some board textures are better to fire twice (e.g., high card below a king, loosely coordinated) and others are better to fire once and then give up (e.g., ace-high disconnected).

However, in many of these rock fest games, if you just raise preflop and fire blindly on the flop, turn, and sometimes even river, you’ll show an insta-profit on every hand.

If this play is not already part of your playbook, then when you try it and succeed, you will get a very liberating feeling. It feels good to win because you have outfoxed your opponents rather than just because you ran well.

3-Bet light preflop to induce a fold

Your targets for this play are tight-aggressive players.

Tight-aggressive players like to bet-fold, and the only real way to get the best of them is to anticipate when they are likely to bet-fold and then raise them.

This theme will return a few times in the top 10, but it all starts preflop. Look for situations where you expect Tight-aggressive, players to be raising a good chunk of their total hands, say 25 percent or more.

This could be when the tight-aggressive player seems to be isolating someone with position or even if the tight-aggressive player seems to be attempting to pull off the play above (raise preflop, barrel).

It could also be when the tight-aggressive player might be raising to try to steal the blinds. When you see one of these raises, 3-bet light, at first try to stick to the “good” hands that I outlined in the 3-betting section for this play. However, as you get more used to it you will be able to identify the spots ripe enough to try it with any two cards.

Flat-call with big hands preflop and on the flop and turn

Your targets for this play are hyper-aggressive and Loose-aggressive players.

Loose-aggressive players put too much money into pots with too many weak hands. They often make up for this problem by consistently winning the information battle.

Opponents are constantly confused by what the Loose-aggressive players can have, and the confusion freezes these players up. As a result, they play against the Loose-aggressive players in a very straightforward way by waiting for big hands and then raising them early.

The Loose-aggressive players can then exploit this information gap by going for thin value, applying pressure against weakness, and so forth.

Your goal against these players is simply to close the information gap.

Ok, they can have many hands and are difficult to hand read. Focus on making yourself similarly difficult to hand read. Do this by refusing to give away your big hands with early raises.

Loose-aggressive players often rely on the fact that players want to “protect against draws” by raising early on semi-coordinated boards.

Refuse to do that.

You do not need to “charge” Loose-aggressive players to draw against you. Their mistake is that they voluntarily shovel excessively much money into the pot with bad hands.

In other words, they are going to charge themselves better than you can possibly charge them. Just let them make their mistake.

Slow play hands that you intend to take to showdown. Before you make any play, think, “What information am I giving the Loose-aggressive players by playing my hand this way?”

In general, choose actions that betray the least information.

If you focus on closing the information gap, then the Loose-aggressive players will lose his edge, and you will just be playing a stronger set of hands against his weaker set of hands. This will give you the edge over the long term.

I am not going to lie. The swings will be significant. However, it is the right adjustment to make.

Raise continuation bets

Your targets for this play are Tight-aggressive, players and Loose-aggressive players.

Most players know that firing a continuation bet on the flop after raising preflop shows a profit in many situations.

The problem with continuation betting, however, is that you miss more flops than you hit even when you raise a tight range of hands.

Therefore, when typical tight-aggressive players or Loose-aggressive players continuation bet a flop, often they are planning to bet-fold more than half the time.

Whenever you can peg someone as bet folding more than half the time, you have a nice bluffing opportunity.

So, just start raising continuation bets. This used to work extremely well. While modern Tight-aggressive, players and Loose-aggressive players have gotten a little wise to the play and will sometimes playback, raising the continuation bet should still be a staple of your exploitative strategy against aggressive player types.

A great flop to try this play is one like K♠, 7♦, 4♠.

Most aggressive players love to continuation bet these flops because they are hard to hit and because they can “represent ace-king” by betting.

However, the reality is that even a tight preflop opening range misses this flop more than half the time.

If your opponent starts playing back at you when you make these flop raises, just start playing AK, KQ, and KK the same way (flat call preflop, raise the K-high flop) and you will quickly find again that you can raise continuation bets on boards like these with near impunity.

Barrel the turn when the flop was loosely coordinated and the turn bricks

Your targets for this play are darn near everyone. Though in particular, use it against nits, Tight-aggressive, players, and loose-passive fish.

You raise preflop. The flop comes J-8-5 with a two-suit. You bet and get called. The turn is a brick (e.g., an offsuit K, 3, 2, also slightly less ideally an A, J, 8, 5, or 4). Bomb the turn. It is just hard for your opponent to have a good hand in this situation.

The flop hits many hands, but generally does not hit many of them very hard. A brick turn card devalues most of these weak fit hands.

In addition, some players will be loath to slow play a big hand on the flop because they will feel they need to “charge the draws.” These players’ check-calling range on this type of flop will be quite weak, and barreling a brick will nearly always get you a fold.

Semi-bluff raise the turn when your opponent bets a good barreling card

Your targets for this play are Tight-aggressive, players and Loose-aggressive players.

This flips the above play on its head.

Say you check-call a J-8-5 two-suit board with 7-6 for an open-ended straight draw. The turn is an off-suit king. You check, and your opponent bets. If you suspect that your opponent is aware of board textures and likes to barrel good barreling cards (a la Play No. 5) then check-shove the turn.

The beauty of this play is that most small stakes no-limit players do not make this sort of bluff, so against many opponents, you will elicit a fold from nearly every hand in their range up to and including A-K.

Tight-aggressive players, in particular, are bet-folding this sort of situation very frequently.

This is a good place to make a general observation about semi-bluffing. Most no-limit players choose when to semi-bluff by looking at their own cards.

That is, they think something along the lines of, “I flopped a flush draw. I should raise! ”

While not an absolutely terrible way to think about it (hey, it’s better than “I flopped a draw, let’s check and call until I get there”), you can improve on this significantly if you look at board textures and think about what your opponent is doing.

You are going to have a lot more success semi-bluff raising that draw against a tight-aggressive player who continuation bets 100 percent of the time than you are against a nit who continuation bets only when he flops top pair or better.

Likewise, if you bluff-raise certain turn cards, you’re just begging to get snapped off, because your range looks strong and your opponent is likely betting with the hope of getting the money in.

For instance, say your tight-aggressive player opponent opens to 3× the big blind, and you call from the blind.

The flop comes Q-J-9 with a two-suit. You check, your opponent bets pot, and you call.

The turn is a J. You check, and your opponent bets three-quarters pot.

This is a rotten time to decide to check-raise your A-K flush draw.

Why? Because on this board your opponent obviously expects to get action a lot, and nevertheless he is making large bets.

I am not saying it is impossible that he is planning to bet-fold, but you would be quite lucky to get a fold if you were to check-shove this turn.

Furthermore, you will be drawing dead sometimes when you get called, and often some of your straight and/or flush outs will be dead to a boat.

Your over-card “outs” are barely worth mentioning when you get the money in on this turn.

There is a world of difference between this situation and the one I mentioned before, where the board came J-8-5-K.

On this board, your opponent can easily be barreling with many hands, and even if he’s made something it’s usually just one pair. You have much, much better fold equity in this spot.

It takes some trial and error to get this playdown, but it is a fabulous one once you get the hang of it.

Look for spots where your opponent may be bet-folding the turn and semi-bluff shove over the top.

Bet top pair for value on the river when the draws brick out

Your main targets for this play are fish.

Do not miss these bets against showdown-bound players.

You flop top pair. Your kicker is good, but maybe it’s not a top kicker. There are draws on board. You bet and get called. The turn bricks. You bet and get called. The river bricks (or it completes one of the less likely draws). Value bet!

Often your opponent will have been drawing, but will have made a pair by the river and will call.

On the other hand, your opponent will have started with a hand that made a pair and a draw and now has just one pair on the river.

Alternatively, your opponent will just have flopped a pair, put you on a draw, and called all the way down.

Regardless, please bet these hands for value. It is an enormous source of profit against bad players.

Bet-fold the flop and turn with your decent made hands

Your main targets for this play are Tight-aggressive, players and all weaker player types.

It is tempting to “pot control” one pair hands when the board gets a little scary.

Do not! At least do not do it against players who you know will not be bluff-raising you very often.

It is nearly always better to bet-fold your made hands rather than pot control them.

The whole idea behind pot controlling is that you can avoid a situation where your opponent will bluff with a very annoying frequency -raising the turn, for instance- and trade it for a situation where your opponent will bluff too frequently -on the river after checking through the turn in this example-.

The reason the turn raise is annoying is that when you are raised on the turn, you are usually no good, but you know your opponent is still bluffing a good percentage of the time. That is bad for you.

If you know that you will induce too many bluffs by underrepping your hand on the turn, then by pot controlling, you have avoided a situation where your opponent plays well and created a situation where your opponent makes mistakes. This is to your advantage.

However, if the preceding assumptions do not apply, then pot controlling is just another way of saying, “giving a free card.” If you know, against a given player, that you are beaten the vast majority of the time if you get check-raised, then go ahead and bet-fold your hand. This is doubly true if you cannot anticipate your opponent giving you any extra action on the river if you pot control on the turn.

Tight-aggressive players often fall into these latter assumptions. They will not check-raise bluff that often, so it is safe to bet-fold against them. Moreover, they are observant enough to recognize when you are pot controlling the turn, and they, therefore, will refrain from bluffing wildly into you on the river.

Against these players, just bet your hand and fold when you get raised.

You will win more pots, get more value for your good hands, and make fewer bad calls on the river.

Bluff-raise the river when your opponent’s range is comprised mainly of busted draws and thin value hands

Your targets for this play are Tight-aggressive, players and Loose-aggressive players.

Occasionally hands will go down where your opponent will deny a strong hand on either the flop or turn (by missing a bet or raise in a spot where your opponent would bet or raise nearly 100 percent of the time with a good hand), but then decide to bet the river anyway.

These are the situations to bluff-raise the river.

I was on the receiving end of this in a $2-$5 hands. My main nemesis in this hand had about a $300 stack. I opened to $15 and was called in both blinds.

The flop came Q♠, 9♠, 9♥.

My opponents checked to me, and I checked it back.

The turn was the 3♣.

My opponents checked to me again, and I bet $20 into the $47 pot.

The small blind called, and the big blind folded.

I figured the big blind could be calling withdraws, a pocket pair below a queen, or maybe something like Q-T. I expected a turn raise if she held a 9.

The river was an off-suit K.

My opponent checked to me. I bet $80 into the $87 pot.

I thought this large bet would get my opponent off most of her range. She would fold all the pocket pairs and flush draws unless perhaps a K-high draw.

I thought she would fold a hand like Q-T.

Really, I was most worried about K-Q or J-T.

She shoved, and I folded. I suspect she had J-T.

Nevertheless, it would have been a great bluffing spot for her, since she should know that I am bet-folding that river with nearly my entire range.

My flop check is very telling in this hand. On this board type, I am betting all my queens, all my nines, all my full houses.

I am also betting hands like K-J, K-T, J-T, and possibly A-K as well.

So, on the river, pretty much the only value hand I can have is A-K, and I might even bet-fold that.

I doubt this player was bluffing, as I doubt she recognized the situation.

But if she did, kudos to her.

OSS Cub3d is BACK! Over $10M in GTD

BlackChip Poker 10M

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Casino Edge

Casino edge

Critics of the gaming industry have long accused it of creating the name “gaming” as more politically correct than calling itself the “gambling industry.”

The term “gaming,” however, has been around for centuries and more accurately describes the operators’ view of the industry because most often casino operators are not gambling. Instead, they rely on mathematical principles to assure that their establishment generates positive gross gaming revenues.

The operator, however, must assure the gaming revenues are sufficient to cover deductions like bad debts, expenses, employees, taxes and interest.

Despite the obvious, many casino professionals limit their advancements by failing to understand the basic mathematics of the games and their relationships to casino profitability. One casino owner would often test his pit bosses by asking how a casino could make money on blackjack if the outcome is determined simply by whether the player or the dealer came closest to 21. The answer, typically, was because the casino maintained “a house advantage.”

This was fair enough, but many could not identify the amount of that advantage or what aspect of the game created the advantage.

As in any industry, managers must know a great deal about many things. Given that products offered by casinos are games, managers must understand why the games provide the expected revenues.

Live Casino Roulette
Live Casino Roulette

In the gaming industry, nothing plays a more important role than mathematics. Mathematics also should overcome the dangers of superstitions. An owner of a major strip casino once experienced a streak of losing substantial amounts of money to a few “high rollers.” He did not attribute this losing streak to normal volatility in the games, but to bad luck. His solution was simple. He spent the evening spreading salt throughout the casino to ward off the bad spirits.

Before attributing this example to the idiosyncrasies of one owner, his are atypical only in their extreme. Superstition has long been a part of gambling – from both sides of the table. Superstitions can lead to irrational decisions that may hurt casino profits. For example, believing that a particular dealer is unlucky against a particular (winning) player may lead to a decision to change dealers. As many, if not most, players are superstitious. At best, he may resent that the casino is trying to change his luck. At worst, the player may feel the new dealer is skilled in methods to “cool” the game. Perhaps he is even familiar with stories of old where casinos employed dealers to cheat “lucky” players.

Understanding the mathematics of a game also is important for the casino operator to ensure that the reasonable expectations of the players are met. For most persons, gambling is entertainment. It provides an outlet for adult play.2 As such, persons have the opportunity for a pleasant diversion from ordinary life and from societal and personal pressures.

As an entertainment alternative, however, players may consider the value of the gambling experience. For example, some people may have the option of either spending a hundred dollars during an evening by going to a professional basketball game or at a licensed casino. If the house advantage is too strong and the person loses his money too quickly, he may not value that casino entertainment experience. On the other hand, if a casino can entertain him for an evening, and he enjoys a “complimentary” meal or drinks, he may want to repeat the experience, even over a professional basketball game.

Likewise, new casino games themselves may succeed or fail based on player expectations. In recent years, casinos have debuted a variety of new games that attempt to garner player interest and keep their attention. Regardless of whether a game is fun or interesting to play, most often a player will not want to play games where his money is lost too quickly or where he has an exceptionally remote chance of returning home with winnings.

Mathematics also plays an important part in meeting players’ expectations as to the possible consequences of his gambling activities. If gambling involves rational decision-making, it would appear irrational to wager money where your opponent has a better chance of winning than you do. Adam Smith suggested that all gambling, where the operator has an advantage, is irrational. He wrote “There is not, however, a more certain proposition in mathematics than that the more tickets [in a lottery] you advertise upon, the more likely you are a loser. Adventure upon all the tickets in the lottery, and you lose for certain; and the greater the number of your tickets, the nearer you approach to this certainty.”

Even where the house has an advantage, however, a gambler may be justified if the amount lost means little to him, but the potential gain would elevate him to a higher standing of living.4 For example, a person with an annual income of $30,000 may have $5 in disposable weekly income. He could save or gamble this money. By saving it, at the end of a year, he would have $260. Even if he did this for years, the savings would not elevate his economic status to another level. As an alternative, he could use the $5 to gamble for the chance to win $1 million. While the odds of winning are remote, it may provide the opportunity to move to a higher economic class.

Since the casino industry is heavily regulated and some of the standards set forth by regulatory bodies involve mathematically related issues, casino managers also should understand the mathematical aspects relating to gaming regulation. Gaming regulation is principally dedicated to assuring that the games offered in the casino are fair, honest, and that players get paid if they win. Fairness is often expressed in the regulations as either requiring a minimum payback to the player or, in more extreme cases, as dictating the actual rules of the games offered. Casino executives should understand the impact that rules changes have on the payback to players to assure they meet regulatory standards. Equally important, casino executives should understand how government mandated rules would impact their gaming revenues.

Poker Strategy: choosing a table

poker strategy

The choice of the table is very important for a successful game. There are tables where you can win a lot, and there are those where, at best, you will play zero. Of course, this is most important at medium-high limits. On the micro limits, from which you will begin, you can win at almost any table. But even here, winrate can strongly depend on the approach to choosing tables (to learn more – read the article on gametablezone.com.)

In addition, it is very important to leave the table in time after the win, since the game with the increased stack is unprofitable.

So, remember at what tables and with what stacks you can play.

poker strategy choosing a table
poker strategy: choosing a table

When choosing a table, you must follow the following rules:

  1. You always play full-ring tables with 9-10 participants. If the players are less than 7, you leave the table (waiting for your turn to put BB). The game with a few opponents is completely different and should be conducted in a different way. In time, you will master it, but it will not be exactly the strategy that we are now teaching you.
  2. Imagine that at the table all players use this strategy. It is clear that the game will reduce to pumping rake poker room. Therefore, you need to choose a table where at least 7 players (with a small selection of tables — at least half of the players) have long stacks. Of course, only a minority of players with a short stack will stick to a strategy similar to ours, and most of them are just bad players who do not risk taking a lot of money into the game. Therefore, after watching the game you can sit at the table with short stacks if we know that they do not stick to a similar strategy. Note: Due to the effectiveness of the strategy of the short stacks, allowing even beginners to win, some leading poker rooms raised buy-ins at most tables, leaving tables for the short stacks. When playing in these rooms, the ability to choose opponents is limited. But most players at the corresponding tables are a regular “fish”, so you can safely play with them without worrying about the size of their stacks.
  3. With numerous tables, the advantage should be given to the table with the largest average pot, the largest number of players watching the flop and not too fast game (this statistics is usually displayed for each table in the lobby of the room.)
  4. If you have more than one free space and you have time to watch the game, you should sit on the left (this is called “in position”) from the weakest players to bet after them and to win more from them.
poker strategy
poker table

Boarding and stack adjustment:

  1. Always sit down to play with a total of 20 big blinds (BB). For the limit of NL10 BB is $0.1 and sit down with $2. For NL25 sit down with $5. If according to the rules of the room the minimum buy-in for this limit is more than 20 BB, then you cannot play at this limit and should choose a higher one.
  2. If during the game our stack is less than 15 BB, we need to buy chips to 20 BB (in some rooms you can set up the automatic purchase, in others — do it manually.)
  3. If your stack is 25 BB or more, you should get up from the table. Continue to play with such a stack is no longer possible. It does not depend on your game, but simply mathematically unprofitable. Getting up from the table is not necessary right away. You turn off the automatic setting of the blinds and wait for the queue to put BB, and then you get up instead of the blind. Playing with an increased stack in the first stage is better to fold all hands, except for monsters — AA, KK. Over time, better mastering the game on post-flop, you can expand the range to normal. Note: you need to consider that only the “effective” stack plays a role, i.e. the smaller of your and the partner stack. Therefore, if you play on special tables for short stacks, and most people have short stacks, then you do not need to leave the table. “Exceeding” your stack, in this case, does not play any role, and you do not need to change your game.
  4. When boarding at the table you are offered to put BB out of turn to immediately start the game. Do not do this; it’s thrown away money, which at the distance pour out into a large amount. You have to wait for your turn to put BB. Exception: if you are in the CO position and the table is full (all seats are occupied and there are no players in the sit-out), then you can put the BB in this position, because in this case you will play 7 hands for 1 BB, instead of the usual 10 hands for 1.5 BB, which is almost the same.

Poker Host Leaving Winning Poker Network July 31st


San Jose, Costa Rica – July 3rd, 2018 – The Winning Poker Network (WPN) today confirmed that partner site Poker Host will no longer be part of the network as of July 31st, 2018. The site, which operates independently from other Winning Poker Network card rooms and is not owned or operated by WPN, is ceasing operations.

“Over the last several years, we’ve enjoyed a great partnership with Poker Host and are sad to see them go,” stated Winning Poker Network CEO Phil Nagy. “We wish the team behind Poker Host nothing but the best of luck in their future endeavors.”

According to communications with players, Poker Host is expediting all withdrawals as soon as they’re requested by players at the poker room. All Bitcoin and Skrill payouts will be free of charge, with the normal fees applied to other payout methods.

Those who wish to continue to play on the Winning Poker Network can create a new account at a number of WPN sites, including flagship Americas Cardroom. The US-facing online poker site offers a Welcome Package for first depositors that include a 100% bonus up to $1,000 (200% if using a cryptocurrency), 20 days of free cash up to $50, and a seat in all New Depositor Freerolls remaining in the calendar month.

Americas Cardroom is also hosting the high roller BOSS, their Bigger Online Super Series featuring over $3 million in guarantees from July 8th-15th. The site has also put together a solid Summer Tournament Schedule to coincide with the WSOP.

To learn more about the Winning Poker Network, visit WinningPokerNetwork.com.

About Winning Poker Network: The Winning Poker Network has one of the longest and trusted online names in the industry and has been in existence since 2001. The Winning Poker Network accepts players from the US market and the rest of the world. The Winning Poker Network offers outstanding customer service, a solid reputation with grade “A” payments and a friendly environment for all poker players around the world.

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Mr Green’s €50K Birthday Bash

Mr Green birthday

Mr. Green‘s having a Birthday Bash…and YOU are invited! ‘Spinata Grande’ and ‘Aloha! Cluster Pays’ have their birthday and we are celebrating with a BANG.

Every €10 wagered on ‘Aloha! Clutter Pays’ and/or ‘Spinata Grande’ generates one entry into the €50,000 Cash Prize Draw. A random draw will be conducted on 20th March and all Cash Prizes will be credited by Tuesday 21st of March.

The Cheltenham Festival – UK only

14:30 CET on 14th March – 18:30 on 17th March

Mr. Green will be adding plenty of value across all four days! The whole field will be price boosted in the first race every day, plus more races including the Gold Cup.

We’ve also got jockey, trainer and winning distance specials, any hunch you have on the Festival, you can back it at Mr. Green.

Spring Break is ON!

00:01 CET on 16th March on 23:59 CET on 27th March

Spring break has arrived at Mr. Green! A total of 10 iPhone 7s, Cash Prizes and a six-day Las Vegas retreat must be won! Players simply have to wager to earn prize draw entries for a chance to win:

iPhone 7 Prize Draw:

€25 – 1 entry | €50 – 3 entries | €80 – 5 entries Cash & Vegas Draw:

€100 – 1 entry | €150 – 2 entries | €200 – 4 entries
€250 – 6 entries | Every Additional €50 – 2 entries

A ‘Green’ kind of Fairy-tale

00:01 on 17th March – 23:59 CET on 19th March €2K Cash Race:

Any real-money bet placed on ‘Beauty & the Beast’ during the campaign period can trigger a bonus chest reward with a random cash prize. All Cash Prizes are credited instantly within the game and all prizes awarded are real Cash and therefore free of any wagering requirements.

Grand Prize:

One player plus guest will embark on a romantic getaway to Colmar, France – an idyllic little town that looks like it’s straight out of ‘Beauty and the Beast’. Entering the draw is super simple!

A minimum of 50 spins is required to qualify for the prize draw. On March 22nd, Mr. Green will put all entries into his bowler hat and draw one lucky winner.

Exclusive Sportsbook Offer

Have you opted into our exclusive Sportsbook offer yet? Newly registered players coming will receive an exclusive wager-free €10 Free Bet, for a deposit over €20 when signing up.
Plus, every player will receive the usual, local Welcome Bonus package.

For more details on Mr. Green‘s marvelous offers, visit our promotions page.